in South America
Quilotoa is the name of a caldera , and therein the crater lake , while the westernmost volcano in the Ecuadorian Andes. Now, the highest point at 3914m height, diameter of the caldera is 3 km. The last eruption took place, possibly in 1280 instead. At that time there occurred a violent eruption, the lahar and pyroclastic flow to the Pacific reached. Since then, lies in the caldera up to 250 m deep crater with by minerals arising green color.
Quilotoa is a big tourist site and growing in popularity. It is a water-filled caldera, which literally means a cauldron, in the western volcano in the Ecuadorian Andes. This caldera was formed about six hundred years ago by the collapse of the volcano. Now the caldera is a 250 m deep crater lake. It is greenish in color which is due to the dissolved minerals. It used to be very difficult earlier to reach the top. Now there are a number of buses available. One can hire a truck as well which is better on this terrain. There are a number of small hotels and hostels around for tourists to stay. They don’t offer great luxuries but are comfortable and reasonably priced. They also help with guided tours and provide the services of local people as guides and also arrange mules. Reaching the rim on foot is possible but one should be aware of the dangers. The caldera rim is very irregular and the climb is steep in places. If there is fog, it adds to the difficulty level and the hike can become even more taxing. Camping is permitted at the bottom of the crater. The facilities are minimal and tourists should be prepared for the simple and rustic way of living. Tourists who are new to this kind of adventure should do a good deal of research before they embark on the trip. Read as much as you can on the internet and continue to gather as much information as you can. It is even better if you can find people who have visited this lake crater.
At the bottom of the lake there are fumaroles, at the east side of the volcano are hot springs. For some time the Quilotoa a popular tourist destination: mostly from the nearby town Zumbahua of tourists come and pay admission for the view, popular is the 5-hour hike around the volcano, in about 3 hours you can to the caldera lake round-trip hike.