Portugal or Portuguese (official República Portuguesa ) is a European state in the west of the Iberian Peninsula. In the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean in the east and north of Spain is limited. The Portuguese territory includes the islands of the Azores and Madeira (with Porto Santo). West of the capital Lisbon is Cabo da Roca, the westernmost point of the European mainland.
The country also includes two archipelagos of Madeira and Azores. They are thought to be formed from seismic and volcanic activities. The Tagus River separates the mainland. The mountains dominate the northern territory, and while we move inland, deep valleys and plateaus come into the scene. The country is blessed with rolling meadows and plains also towards the southern parts. The ancient volcano named Mount Pico is the highest point in the country. Portugal has an exclusive economic zone that is the third largest in the European Union. It covers a sea zone of several lakh square kilometres and is also the eleventh largest in the world. If you check out this site for its climate and the best time to visit, the Mediterranean Koppen climate makes it suitable throughout the year with some shifts with the latitude. As a country that came under human civilization from the very ancient times, much of the country’s natural vegetation and biodiversity have been lost. The forests are still endemic to a wide variety of flora and fauna.
The name of Portugal derives from the Roman Empire created a warm port of Porto, in Latin Portus Cale. In the Middle Ages, Portus Cale to Portucale later Portugale, although this word in the 7th and 8 Century marked only the northern parts of the country, the region between the rivers Douro and Rio Minho.
Portugal is, at least relative to the established population, linguistically, ethnically and religiously very homogeneous country. The Portuguese language is spoken throughout the country, and only in the villages of Miranda do Douro is one of the Asturian dialect associated (Mirandés) spoken, which is recognized as a minority language.
The densest settlement has a coastal strip from the Spanish border in the north to the area around Lisbon. While living in this strip 70% of the population, the hinterland and the south of Portugal are very sparsely populated. More than 10% of the population accounts for two cities (Lisbon and Oporto), while more than half live in towns under 2,000 inhabitants. The trend in Portugal towards urbanization.