Como, Italy

in Europe

Como is an Italian city with 85 263 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2010) in the Lombardy and capital of the province of Como. The city is located 45 kilometers north of Milan, at the same lake and on the border with Switzerland. Como is the largest city in the Swiss-Italian metropolitan region of Ticino, which has a total of more than 500,000 inhabitants.

The Como geography is dominated by the Alps and Lake Como. Como has even in midsummer mostly pleasant weather, because strong winds similar to the case Bora cool the place. 84,085 inhabitants live in Como (39,782 men, 44,303 women), with a population density of 2273 inhabitants / km2.

The area on the hills south of Lake Como had since the 10th Century BC, a dense rural settlement on.

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After a phase of flowering in the 5th Century BC, there came to the incursions of the Celts to a decline. According to the elder Cato to Comum (as the Romans Como called) from the trunk of Orobier have been established. Justin indicates that Comum was founded by the Gauls, was after this northern Italy were conquered, however, specifies Justin is not the relevant Gallic tribe closer. The settlement is only once during the wars between the Romans and Gauls 196 BC mentions, as the consul Marcus Claudius Marcellus Comenses (name of the inhabitants of Comum) and Insubres defeated and conquered Comum.


After the subjugation of Cisalpine Gaul indicates that a number of Roman colonists settled in Comum. But they suffered through invasions of neighboring Räter repeatedly damage. Sent by 89 BC Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo considerably more settlers to Comum and made ​​it a colony with Latin rights, which was soon reinforced by another 3,000 settlers out. Gaius Julius Caesar in 59 BC moved 5,000 more settlers, including 500 distinguished Greeks, in the city. Got this now the name of novelty Comum. Shortly before the outbreak of civil war between Caesar and Pompey looked the enemies of Caesar to make this the fact that they Comum the privileged status of a colony with Latin rights again wanted to let escape. After Caesar gave a successful march to Italy, but he 49 BC the inhabitants of Comum together with those of other municipalities in the Gallia Transpadana Roman citizenship.