York is a city in northern England, on the River Ouse, near the mouth of the Foss in the Ouse. York was the former residence of the county of Yorkshire. Today, the City of York, an independent administrative unit (unitary authority), which only for ceremonial occasions to the county North Yorkshire is one.
York is located in a shallow valley, the Vale of York. It consists of fertile agricultural land and is bordered on the west by the Pennines to the north by the North York Moors and in the east to the Yorkshire Wolds. The city is situated at the mouth of the Foss in the Ouse at the terminal moraine of an Ice Age glacier.
In Roman times the area of the two rivers was very marshy, so that the city had to defend well. York was formerly heavily prone to flooding, but has become an extensive flood control system. The worst flood in 375 years, the city experienced in November 2000 when over 300 houses were flooded. York is located about 40 km north-east of Leeds, 55 miles north of Doncaster, 60 miles northwest of Hull, 65 miles west of the North Sea coast and 75 miles south of Middlesbrough.
York is also called the “Eternal City” and is famous for its historic buildings. Since Roman times, they played as capital under the name of North Britain Eboracum, from 237 AD as Colonia Eboracensium an important role. The place where the city is located today, was by the Romans Eboracum after the Celtic *Eborāko- called, which is probably “place of yew trees is called”. There are no sources or archaeological findings, which indicate a pre-Roman settlement at this point, however, is probably a Celtic Vorbesiedlung. After the Anglo-Saxons around 400 AD, the area occupied, the city was Eoforwic renamed. The elements of the name stand for wild boar (eofor) and settlement (wic). The following settlement of the county of the Vikings led to a re-naming of the city. It was after the Swedish city of Jorvik name, meaning “bay horse.” After the Norman invasion in 1066 that name was in York last.