Winnipeg is the capital of the Canadian province of Manitoba and at the same time its largest city. It numbered about 633 000 inhabitants in 2006, the metropolitan area nearly 700 000. The name is derived from 55 kilometers north Winnipegsees ago, “win” means in the local Cree language and muddy “nipee” water. Winnipeg is located near the geographical center of North America at the confluence of the Red River and Assiniboine River , a flood area bounded by the Red River Floodway (activated in a flood diversion) is protected against flooding.
The city is characterized by continental climate has shaped, hot summer and in winter is one of the coldest cities in the world. During 5 months of the year, average temperatures are below freezing. Winnipeg is located in the Red River Valley, which has little hills. The same is true for the urban area. It has four rivers, the Red River , the Assiniboine , the La Salle and the Seine River.
230 neighborhoods are divided, the provincial capital. core and starting point of urban growth and downtown Winnipeg was in the area of Portage Avenue and Main Street. From here, the arterial roads have radiating in all directions. The area of Downtown is approximately 2.5 km ². The urban growth largely followed the two main rivers. The urbanized area includes an area measuring 25 by 20 km, however, has significant undeveloped areas. The two major parks include the Assiniboine Park and Kildonan Park.
The main centers of entertainment and culture industry are in the Exchange District, The Forks, Osborne Village, Little Italy, the Sargent and Ellice Avenue (West End) and Old St. Boniface, the French Quarter. Manitoba was indeed after the end of the last ice age by Indian populated groups, but the melting waters of the huge block of ice that covered the major part of the province were between 10,000 and 6000 BC, the so-called Lake Agassiz , which covered the area of present-day Winnipeg .
The Plano-Western culture (ca. 8000-4500 BC), used in hunting already the Buffalo Jumps , where bison were driven over cliffs to be able to kill them easily. Important references to this culture are located west of Winnipeg in the valley of the Swan River . In the recent phase of this culture, the Sister Hills Complex , followed by the people northward retreating south shore of Lake Agassiz. The nomadism was replaced by a cycle of seasonal migrations, which depended on hunting and vegetation cycles.
Between 6000 and 4000 BC, the forest stretched during a warm phase from the north, up to 300 km beyond the present tree line. The Northern Plano culture as indicated group was probably around 8500 BC from Saskatchewan and extended their migrations from the east. The Plano East extended from Lake Agassiz to Lake Superior . His Primary Location is at Caribou Lake northeast of Winnipeg. It was a culture that was more adapted to forests. Stone rings, which formerly served the fixing of tents are among the oldest relics.