Windsor is a town in the English county of Berkshire. It lies on the River Thames and adjacent to the south-west London. The city has 28 324 inhabitants and belongs to the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead. The name is a shortening of Windleshore (mutatis mutandis: tortuous river).
Are located in Windsor, Windsor Castle, one of the official residences of the British royal family, and Frogmore House, a former residence. For this reason, has Windsor, even though it’s just a small town is about two railway stations, a theater and a number of hotels. Local attractions also include the Legoland theme park, built a few years ago on the territory of a former safari park. Windsor is situated across from Eton, separated by the River Thames. The Windsor Bridge leading over the river is now passable only for pedestrians.
The foundation of Windsor’s going to the time of Anglo-Saxons back. The town grew due to its location on the Thames, and so quickly at the former main artery between London and central England. In the Domesday Book of 1086 Windsor is listed as a place with a few hundred inhabitants, for that time already a large settlement. William the Conqueror Windsor added to his lands. First, there was only the Old Windsor estate. However, William built a castle, Windsor Castle, near the settlement Clewer. The castle went over time a number of people, why was formed slowly by Windsor Castle around for a new settlement. The first wooden castle built in the 11th Century stone-built and of the kings Henry II (1154-1189) and Henry III. (1212-1272) extended and strengthened.
1277 Windsor received from the King a charter that guaranteed the citizens certain rights and allowed the dealers, in a guild merge. A weekly market was held. Since 1350 were also held twice a year shows instead. After a period of decline in the 15th Windsor became the 16th century Century on new prominence. The construction of the St. George’s Chapel in the grounds of Windsor Castle was already in the reign of King Edward IV began (1416-1483), but only during the reign of King Henry VIII in 1528 completed.
In the English civil war Windsor was in 1642 by Parliament troops occupied. An attempt by the Royalists in October of that year, Windsor Castle and retake failed. Windsor remained until the end of the war in the hands of the parliamentarians. Towards the end of the 16th Windsor century had more than 2,000 inhabitants; 1801 were then 3361. By 1851 the population had doubled (6734), towards the end of the 19th Century there were more than 9,000 people in Windsor.
The Industrial Revolution of the 19th Century, many English towns considerably altered, passed at Windsor. 1844 a rail link between Windsor and London, was put into operation. Today’s picture is from Windsor’s tourism and banking and financial services companies dominated. Many residents commute to Slough or London.