The Windermere is the largest natural lake in England. It lies entirely within the Lake District – National Park in the County of Cumbria. The lake and its surrounding areas since the mid-19th Century one of the most popular British holiday destinations, since 1847 the railway line between Kendal and the town of Windermere has been completed.
The Windermere is 17 km long and between 400 and 1500 meters wide. The deepest part of Windermere is located at 65 meters at its northern end. The lake is situated at an altitude of 40 m above sea level. The waters of Windermere flows at its southernmost point in the River Leven from. The tributaries of the lake, the rivers Brathay, Rothay, Trout Beck, Beck Cunsey and several smaller streams. In the Windermere are eighteen islands, the largest is about a kilometer long.
On the shores of Windermere are the two towns of Ambleside and Bowness-on-Windermere. The town of Windermere is however not directly on the shores of the lake. It got its name after the completion of the railway line and was previously known under the name Birth Waite. Windermere from the lake about 15 minutes away on foot. Meanwhile, Windermere Bowness has grown together with the greatest possible extent. Windermere provides with its railway station and other transport facilities to the transport hub for the surrounding area, from where connections eg after Manchester exist. Around the lake, the landscape consists mainly of small hills that invite little difficulty walking. The higher mountains (Fells) of the Cumbrian Mountains extend mainly north and east.
At the lake, a large proportion of the adjacent land is used for agriculture (29.4%). The lake bottom is mostly flat – only 28% of the lake is deeper than 9 m. This is the lake to a nutrient-rich habitat. The predominant species of fish are trout, char, pike and perch. Its geographic north-south orientation and its position between Morecambe Bay and the Central Fells, the area around the lake takes an important role on the flight paths of migratory birds. Wild geese visit as the area in the winter months regularly. The Freshwater Biological Association was founded on the shores of Windermere in 1929, fundamental insights into the ecology, freshwater biology and limnology were won here.