Whitby is a small town in the Borough Scarborough the English county of North Yorkshire. It is located at the mouth of ESKS in the North Sea in the north-east of the county and is a major historic coastal town. According to Census 2001, a total 13 594 inhabitants had Whitby.
The port of Whitby is primarily a large fishing fleet. In addition, it offers a sheltered port of call for ships between the English north-east and the southern North Sea from one of several North Sea storms. Originally managed by the monks of the monastery there is already authenticated complaints about the condition of the former docks of oak from 1541. In the following centuries was followed by numerous development programs that led to satisfactory results, but only on a lack of money and often failed. The Parliament in London enacted various laws, the owners undertook to participate in the development of ports, but also with more varying success. The present form dates mainly from the year 1905 as J. Watt Sandeman & Son built new 160 meter long quay, the River Esk and built a fish ausbaggerten terminal. The fish terminal was replaced in 1957 by a new building.
The city was an important training ground for sailors from Britain, James Cook. The ships of his many voyages were built here and also in a major South Pacific trip of 1768 began here. The ships Whitby Cats or Whitby colliers, robust coal transporter, which were built by Norwegian models, used for all of Cook’s Pacific journeys. The House of the Walker family, in which Cook made his doctrine, now houses the “Captain Cook Memorial Museum.” His statue overlooks the city’s harbor.
The city is now a typical English sea resort with characterful old buildings, museums and the ruins of the abbey , which have been so impressed with Bram Stoker. If you from the harbor to St. Mary’s Church and Whitby Abbey wants, one must first climb 199 steps. This was formerly known especially for the pallbearers torture, why were built from time to time to rest platforms. Twice a year the Whitby Gothic Weekend held, originally a festival for members of the Goth culture. Once a year (August) there is a folk festival.