Wat Phra Kaewo , literally, Temple of Emerald Buddha , the official name Wat Phra Sri Rattana Satsadaram , the temple of the king in the old royal palace in Bangkok .As Chao Phraya Chakri , the future king Phuttayodfa Chulaloke (Rama I) , the new Siamese capital for strategic reasons, to the eastern side of the Chao Phraya wanted to move, since there were already more than 100 years, the temple Wat Potharam (now Wat Phra Jetuphon, Wat Pho ) and north of Wat Salak (now Wat Mahathat ). The area in between was very swampy and only had to be drained. The inhabitants, a settlement of Chinese merchants were “asked” to move their businesses into the so-called “garden” in front of the city (today’s “Sampheng”).
On Sunday, the tenth day of the waxing moon in the year of the tiger, in the fourth year of the decade Chunlasakarat 1144, ie in the year 2325 Buddhist era, in the morning at 6:54 clock was a ceremony of the “foundation stone” (Insert the city column showing Thai: Lak Muang , opposite the Grand Palace) is performed. After the founding of the Grand Palace King Phuttayodfa Chulaloke on 10 June 2325 in a royal ceremony officially crowned king. (quote from a memorial stone in front of City Hall in Bangkok).
King Phuttayodfa Chulaloke built in the eastern part of his new palace for a new Temple of the Emerald Buddha. He called this temple “Wat Phra Si Rattana Satsadaram”, in German as “The Temple of the Sacred Jewel (of God) Indra,” by the locals, he is now referred to as “Wat Phra Kaeo” called, or “Temple of the Emerald Buddha” . In a solemn ceremony of the Emerald Buddha on 22 March 1784 from Thonburi in his new temple, where he can be admired today.