Wat Arun is a Buddhist temple ( Wat ) in Bangkok district Bangkok Yai on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River. The full name of the temple is Wat Arun Ratchawararam Ratchaworamahaviharn .The temple was built during the Ayutthaya period and built originally called Wat Makok ( วัด มะกอก – Olive Temple). When after the fall of Ayutthaya, Thonburi the capital of the new Siamese kingdom was king built Taksin in 1768 his palace in the area of the old Fort Wichayen, which since the beginning of the 16th Century, the receipt by ship to the Siamese kingdom guarded. Were included in the palace grounds two temples, Wat and Wat Tai Makok Talad (now Wat Moli Lokayaram). Both temples were allowed to live then no more monks, as is now in Wat Phra Kaeo is the case, which is located on the grounds of the Grand Palace. The king changed it’s name from Wat Makok in Wat Chaeng. As Chao Phraya Chakri , who later became King Phra Puttha Yotfa Chulaloke (Rama I), the Emerald Buddha , which he in Vientiane brought had captured, in a solemn procession to the capital, the sacred Buddha statue in the temple of the king was, in Wat Chaeng his temporary accommodation.
After the overthrow of King Taksin the Great Puttha Yotfa Chulaloke the Emerald Buddha, a new temple built on the opposite river bank, where he moved 1784th Then he reduced the palace grounds and invited new monks to move into the deserted temple. During the reign of King Puttha Yotfa Chulaloke restored the crown prince – the future Rama II – the Temple Wat Chaeng by increasing the time, only 16m high prang on the current size as a great “city of angels” is worthy. When King Phuttaloetla Naphalai (Rama II) , he gave the name of the temple Wat Arunratchatharam . The work was only under King Nang Klao (Rama III). completed. King Mongkut (Rama IV) gave it its present name Wat Arunratchawararam .
The Phra Racha Wang Derm , the “original palace” of King Taksin, as he is still called, has been restored. It lies just south of Wat Arun on the site of the Thai Navy, as well as the remains of Wichayen fort, which was later renamed Fort Wichaiprasit The old fortifications of the fort are still from the river at the mouth of Klong Bangkok Yai see . The direct access to the public is no longer possible. As a sign of changing times in 2005 the Americans Sean Patrick was ordained as the first foreigner in the 300-year history of the temple as a monk.