in Europe

Warsaw is the capital and largest city of Poland. Viewed in terms of population, the city is the tenth largest in the European Union. It is situated on the Vistula (Wisła) in the Mazovia province has 1.7 million inhabitants and is the center of an agglomeration of cities like with orbital Pruszków, Warszawa, Żyrardów, Wołomin, Otwock, Legionowo and Others with some 3.5 million inhabitants.

Warsaw is one of the most important transportation, business and commercial centers in Central – and Eastern Europe and also of great political and cultural importance. In the city there are numerous universities, theaters, museums and monuments. The city of Warsaw is divided into 18 districts, under which Śródmieście (city center) represents the actual city.

Warsaw is on the middle Vistula, located in the glacial valley of the Vistula, and the sink Mittelmasowischen on average 100 meters above sea level. The city spreads out on either side of the Vistula River roughly equal to a great distance from the Carpathians and the Baltic Sea from – each about 350 km. The historical center is located on the left (west) bank of the Vistula Vistula River on a long cliff Skarpa Wiślana, the relatively steep rises about 15 to 30 m above the Vistula River. The first bridge connecting the two shores in the 16th Century, as the expansion of the city building on the right bank of the Vistula, the Praga beneficiary is named. In the city there are several glacial moraine and man-made hills. The Vistula is navigable in the area of Warsaw and the city has a river port on the right bank of the Vistula.


It is possible that merchants from Thorn one in today’s district Solec (which is southeast below the Vistula river cliff to the district Powiśle adjoined) called small town situated in previously unknown reason “Warszowa” or “Warszewa”, from which the present Polish name of Warsaw’s “Warszawa” deriving . Refers According to other sources, the name of a village (in so far unknown place in today’s urban area), the front of the building in Warsaw (now the Old City) after its owner Warsz has been called “Warszowa”.


The name is also on the Old Prussian tribes Sudovians-Jatwinger and Galindians indicate who settled here before the Masovians invaded this region. The founding legend of the fisherman Wars and his wife Sawa can therefore put a kernel of truth: the name points to fishing, because in the old Prussian language is “Warza” the fish weir and “saw” a fishing boat with a perforated box for holding the fish.