The Virunga Mountains are eight volcanoes in the border area between Rwanda , Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo . The volcanoes are located between the Eduardsee and the Lake Kivu and are part of the East African grave breach . The two volcanoes in the Democratic Republic of Congo are located, the Nyiragongo volcano (3462 m) and the Nyamuragira (3063 m). In an eruption of Mount Nyiragongo in the year 1977 2.000 people were killed. In 2002, lava flowed from the crater of this volcano and flooded the streets of the town 20 km from Goma . Most people could save themselves, there were 147 deaths, but the 250,000 inhabitants of the town of Goma were affected, some fleeing to neighboring countries Rwanda and Uganda. Even the Nyamuragira provided several times for resettlement of the population. Last flowed in 2002, simultaneously with the eruption of the Nyiragongo lava from Nyamuragira toward the Kiwusees and changed its shore structure.
Virunga Mountains National Park 550×554 Virunga Mountains, Africa Virunga Mountains National Park
At the core group includes the Karisimbi , with the largest volcano in the 4,507 m high mountain range, the Mikeno to 4437 m and the Visoke (Bisoko) with 3711 m. The eastern group includes the Sabinyo (3634 m), the oldest of the Virunga volcanoes, the Gahinga (3474 m) and the Muhabura (4127 m). The Virunga volcanoes are covered with tropical mountain rain forest and home to the rare mountain gorillas . Particular to protect the mountain gorillas, which occur elsewhere only in Bwindi National Park in Uganda, Prince Albert in 1925 founded the first African national park, the Albert National Park , in 1969 in the Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda and the National Park Virunga divided in DR Congo was.
Between the Karisimbi and Visoke is the Karisoke Research Center , a research station for mountain gorillas. The name is a combination of Karisoke names of volcanoes, which lies between the research center. It was in 1967 by Dian Fossey established.