Valletta is the capital of the Republic of Malta. It is the smallest area of the capital of a European Union member state. Because of its cultural wealth Valletta was founded in 1980 as a monument to the overall list of UNESCO world heritage listed.
The city is considered one of the bestgesicherten the world because it is by a ring of bastions surrounded. The southern entrance through the big gate is from St. James and St. Johns Cavalier covered. Clockwise to follow the saints named, only outwardly acting bastions Michael, Andrew, Salvatore, Sebastion, Gregory, the Fort St. Elmo, Lazarus, Barbara, Anthony and James. At the time of Knight’s domination on the island was known as one of the tongues of the Order of Malta for their defensive responsibility.
Valletta is located on the northeast coast of the island and is located on the headland Mount Sciberras, which of the two largest natural harbors in the Mediterranean, Grand Harbour and Marsamxett Harbour is enclosed. Valletta is bordered to the south-west to the neighboring town of Floriana. In the longitudinal direction (northeast-southwest), the Republic Street (formerly Queen’s Street) and the parallel Merchants Street of old, the main shopping streets.
The official name given to the Order of Malta to the city once was, Humilissima Vallettae Civitas (The most modest city of Valletta) after Jean Parisot de la Valette, the then Grand Master of the Order. As a city of the mighty bastions and Baroque buildings, and the splendor of the late Grand Master, she was the Superbissima be to the reputation of the most magnificent of all European cities. In Malta Valletta is colloquially known as Il-Belt refers to something very simple, the city does.
The population of Valletta was less stable over the years and now live only a third as many people in the city such as weddings too demographic. This process was started by the Second World War accelerated, as people moved into the surrounding suburbs to avoid the attack focus. But even today, when Valletta Malta’s commercial and administrative center, this development is to watch. However Valletta with 12 815 inhabitants per square kilometer of the most densely populated cities in the world.