Valencia is a city in eastern Spain. The capital of the Autonomous Valencian Community and the province of Valencia is situated about 320 km southeast of the capital Madrid, at the mouth of the Turia River to the Mediterranean Sea and is 798 033 (January 2011) population of the third-largest city in the country. In the metropolitan area of Valencia is home to around 1.8 million people.
Valencia lies on Spain’s Mediterranean coast, about 350 km south of Barcelona, at the mouth of the River Turia and almost exactly on the same latitude as Majorca. The river itself was moved to devastating floods in the 1950s (most recently 1957) out of the city, the former river bed converted into a park. The town has three beaches (Playa de las Arenas, Playa de Malvarrosa and Playa de la Patacona).
One of the most important urban services in Spain (and Europe) has been accomplished in the 1970s to the 1990s in Valencia: the design of the former Turia – had a riverbed park plans first use as a freeway planned. This would have caused even high-priced neighborhoods with Luxuswohnbauten after themselves. A citizens’ movement fought against it under the slogan (“The river bed is ours and we want it green”), “El llit del riu és el fulest nostre i verd” – and they proved victorious. In October 1981, the Catalan architect was Ricardo Bofill, the contract for the basic design of the new Grand Park. One of the poorest cities in Spain received so green that started in 1985 with a valuable “green lung”.