The Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is a National Park in the Northern Territory , which at the UNESCO as a world natural heritage and culture heritage is listed. It is 1431 km south of Darwin and 440 kilometers southwest of Alice Springs along the Stuart and Lasseter Highways . The park covers 1326 square kilometers. Part of the park is the famous rock Uluru (Ayers Rock) and 40 km west of Kata Tjuta (Mount Olga). The main tourist settlement is Yulara .
Uluru is the most famous natural landmark in Australia. This inselberg rises 348 m above the landscape. The word Kata Tjuta means “many heads” and describes a group of 36 rocks that are probably more than 500 million years old. Uluru and Kata Tjuta are the traditional inhabitants, the Anangu Aboriginal people , culturally significant. The traditional inhabitants organize guided walking tours today, where you can learn about flora, fauna and traditional bush food of the area known as the Aboriginal dreamtime stories can learn.
The Anangu Aboriginal people are the traditional owners of Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. They believe that their culture has always existed in Central Australia and created at the beginning of the period of their ancestors were. In 1976, under the Aboriginal Land Rights recognized (Northern Territory) Act, the rights of Aboriginal and 9 years later, 1985, she received a Freehold title for the area of the park. They leased the land back to the Australian government for 99 years. Since then, the Anangu and Parks Australia to work together under the “joint management”. The aim is to preserve the Anangu culture to preserve an ecological balance and to give visitors an insight into the culture and history of the park.