Uganda – Uganda lies in Africa . Bordering countries are in the north of Sudan , in the west Democratic Republic of Congo , southern Rwanda and Tanzania and in eastern Kenya . Uganda has in the southern portion of the Lake Victoria , the largest lake in Africa. Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa. Uganda is also known as the “Pearl of Africa”. It is on the east by Kenya, on the north by the southern Sudan to the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo, southwest by Rwanda, and in the south of Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared by Kenya and Tanzania.
Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which includes the far south, including the capital Kampala. The people of Uganda were hunter-gatherers until 1700-2300 years ago, migrated as a Bantu-speaking people in southern regions. Uganda independence from the United Kingdom 9 October 1962.
The official languages are English and Swahili, although several other languages are spoken in the country.
Kampala – Capital
Ssese Islands , 84 islands in Lake Victoria. The civil war has left no traces there, and the interested visitor gets to know a different side of Uganda. The few tourists who visit the islands, will be received by the people very friendly. Getting there: From the bus station in the bus to Kampala Masaka, from there the bus to the ferry at 14am and after Luku Kalangala.
Jinja, the source of the Nile. 80km from Kampala, is reachable by bus.
The international airport at Entebbe will be direct flights from Europe by British Airways from London Heathrow, from SN Brussels Airlines from Brussels and KLM from Amsterdam. Much cheaper and more flexible (because daily connecting flights), however, are compounds of Cairo with Egypt Air , via Dubai with Emirates or Addis Ababa with Ethiopian . Germany offers the best connections from KLM, which flies direct from Amsterdam and Entebbe with Kenya Airways also maintains the connection Amsterdam-Nairobi-Entebbe. However, experience has shown that it can come with flights via Nairobi to hour-long delays in transferring. Tickets are on Ethiopian Air from 555 EUR (including, as of 05/2009), with Egypt Air from 640 EUR (incl.) and the other airlines from 800 EUR (incl.) are available (both as of November 2006).
Uganda Railways has stopped all passenger traffic, after several minor accidents and due to the unprofitable slow connections 2003rd The railway lines are only used for freight.
The central bus station in Kampala is the ideal starting point for destinations across the country. The “organized chaos” is an experience in itself.
The ferry routes to Kenya and Tanzania on Lake Victoria were set after the fall of the last remaining ferry 2004th There are occasional cargo ships that carry passengers on occasion. This should not claim to minimum standards of accommodation and sanitary facilities are provided.
Across the country, you can take great coaches. For shorter distances, there are minibuses (matatus), the drive only when they are fully occupied (meant for 14 people, mostly but not below 20) In addition, there are boda-bodas and Piki-Pikis, bicycles and mopeds, the one or two transport people to the desired location. Also you can go in taxis, regular cars with up to 7 passengers.
about 40 different languages. English as an official language alongside Kiswahili. African languages are often to be found, such as Luganda and Kiswahili.
Owino market in Kampala, eyes and through, everything a person needs is offered at this incredibly huge market.
Wash hands before eating, because Uganda is eaten with the fingers. However, when you get a white or on request, often knife and fork. For the snack offered at the street or even on long bus rides: chapati, fried in oil, pancake-like flatbread, grilled meat skewers or samosa, which are usually cooked with meat-filled triangular pockets, also in bold. Otherwise, eat lots of rice, potatoes, cassava, sweet potatoes, yams, posho (maize porridge), but mainly matooke, which is a mash of plantains. This can eat meat: lamb, chicken, maybe even pork and beef. Often as a side dish of red beans and sauces or nuts (eg peanuts) are served. As a vegetable it from there and green beans, cabbage and pumpkin. Sometimes you get a dish and homemade French fries or spaghetti / noodles. Eggs are used as scrambled or hard boiled egg. Fresh fruits and vegetables are also available: pineapple, papaya, watermelon, jackfruit, avocados and bananas, of course. To drink is almost everywhere very cheap sodas (Coke, Fanta, Sprite, Mirinda), as well as water and juice of passion fruit. Alcohol: different kinds of beer, vodka, brandy.
Who wants to travel to Uganda should inform themselves in detail before the trip about health care, best with a Tropical Institute. It is often found in urban health departments. Uganda is a beautiful country, its inhabitants but also from numerous diseases suffer from which you can protect yourself: The following immunizations may be necessary: Hepatitis A and B, tetanus, typhoid, malaria prophylaxis, yellow fever (depending on region), rabies (for contact to animals) and diphtheria. Some of these vaccines also are useful in Germany. What vaccinations of individuals need to be determined in discussion with the expert. Not all vaccines can be administered together, some require multiple doses, so that early planning is called for.
In the tropical climate in the south and center of the country has an effect that Uganda is largely a plateau at 1,000 m above sea level. The climate is tropical and warm, but cooled considerably by the altitude. Therefore, it is neither too hot nor very cold. The temperatures vary between 25 and 30 ° C during the day, at night there are usually around 17 ° C. The extreme values are between 10 and 35 ° C. The rainfall (1000-1500 mm) are distributed throughout the year, there are only two drier periods (December to February and June to August).