Turin (Italian Torino, Latin Augusta Taurinorum, Piedmont Türin) is a city in northwest Italy, capital of the province of Turin and the region of Piedmont. Turin has 907 563 inhabitants in the metropolitan area and about 1.7 million inhabitants in the agglomeration (2006) and 2.2 million in the metropolitan area.
Turin is located at an altitude of 240 m and covers an area of 130 km². From France to the west and Switzerland to the north and from Milan to the east it is always a good 100 miles away. The plane is in Turin, in the west and north by the Alps and the south by the hills of Monferrato limited. The Dora Riparia, the Stura di Lanzo and Sangone lead in Turin in the river Po. Much of the city lies in the Po plain to the west span of the river, some small neighborhood on the hills east of the Po, which reach a height of 750 m.
The Turin speak Italian except a Gallo-Roman dialect, Piedmontese named. This dialect, sometimes Torinese called, is common throughout the Piedmont, but is generally identified with the city of Turin in Italy. Because of the large immigration in the past, the dialect in the city of Turin is much less common than in other Italian cities. The Piemontese is strongly influenced by the French language.