Travel Guide to Taiwan – Taiwan calls itself ROC / Taiwan – so as Chin. Republic of Taiwan. The losing party civil war between the Communists led by Mao and the Kuomintang retreated in 1949, upstream on the island. The island lies outside the Chinese mainland in the Pacific. Until 1987, Taiwan was on the law of war and only then began a gradual democratization of the country. Protecting power is the United States. There are regular diplomatic tensions between the PRC and Taiwan, since the PRC regards Taiwan as a renegade province. Only 23 countries recognize Taiwan diplomatically. Between the Federal Republic of Germany and Taiwan, there are no official diplomatic relations. The German Institute Taipei is the German representative office in Taiwan.
The Chinese culture in Taiwan is characterized. The optical contrast between the modern glass facades of old buildings and the street markets, friendly people and excellent infrastructure make travel easy and rewarding. Especially in Asia, Taiwan is very beginner. The size of the island (area 35,801 km ²) fits a journey time of 14 to 21 days well. The round trip can be done in a clockwise direction. The bus and rail network is very good. Culinary there are things to explore and even friends of Asian temples are certainly not neglected. On the east coast is the Taroko National Park with its untouched nature, in the west of interesting towns are strung together in the north and the capital Taipei. By March 2008 it was Taipei 101 the tallest building in the world.
Getting Taiwan by Airplane, The international airport in Taoyuan International (old: Chiang Kai-Shek) in the north is served by many airlines. There are direct flight connections from Frankfurt Main to Taipei by China Airlines (14h) and Amsterdam with Eva airlines. Furthermore, there are direct flights with China Airlines from Vienna (via Abu Dhabi 3x a week) and EVA Air (via Bangkok 3 times a week) to Taipei. There are connections in virtually all Asian countries, the USA and Australia. The airport is located about an hour outside of Taipei. A shuttle bus to downtown Taipei, and the larger hotels offered by several competing bus companies. The price is about NT $ 100. If you like it more convenient, can go for about five to eight times the price with a taxi. The second international airport located in Kaohsiung in southern Taiwan – the city center is easily reached by taxi or the subway.
The official language is Chinese (Mandarin). Some younger people speak some English. Of tourist destinations, in large hotels and a few shops you will usually still be able to communicate in English. In most of the country, however one can hardly communicate without knowledge of Chinese.
Older people as a second language often as a result of the long Japanese occupation of Japan. In addition to this, especially in the southern part of the country speak the Taiwanese language. Since it is also a certain national pride associated, finally, the language was banned during the military dictatorship, there are always people who talk only to Taiwanese. Caution: taxi or bus drivers usually understand no English and often not even the phonetic spelling in Latin letters. It is absolutely necessary to bring along a guide with city or street names in Chinese or in the hotel addresses, etc. to leave a note. However, one should not forget that the characters are written in traditional notation, so caution in books or travel guides, to be bought abroad.
All the regional cuisines of China on Taiwan are represented. Also well represented is the Japanese and Korean cuisine. Due to the many guest workers, there are many Thai and Vietnamese restaurants – but also Mongolian, Indian and Western restaurants are located. It will be very much prepared fish and seafood, as well as poultry, beef and pork. Rice, noodles and steamed vegetables are the main supplements. There are many different soup dishes such as “beef noodle soup” with beef, noodles and vegetables. From a social round is a “hot pot” to recommend – a large soup pot simmering Santander in the middle of the table in which the persons involved, the various ingredients and to cook for themselves (similar to a Swiss fondue).