The 11 million inhabitants, landlocked Niger is located in West Africa . It is bordered to the west by Mali and Burkina Faso to the north by Algeria and Libya , to the east by Chad and the south by Nigeria and Benin . Niger is a former French colony in 1960 and received its independence.
Niger is divided into seven departments and the capital district. Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Tahoua, Tillabéri, Cinder, Niamey (Capital District). Cities of Niger are Niamey (capital and economic center), Cinder, Maradi, Agadez (at the Sahara route to Algeria), and Arlit.
Getting to Niger
There are two international airports: Niamey and Agadez . There are flights to Niamey from both West Africa and from Europe . The only company that operates outside of Africa direct flights is Air France. Charter flights are available with Point Afrique from Paris and Marseille to Niamey and Agadez. In addition, Royal Air Maroc has good connections via Casablanca . Afriqiyah flies on the other hand, Tripoli . In total there are 27 airports, 9 of which are paved runway railways. The Niger has no railways.
On the roads between Tahoua and Agadez and between Agadez and Arlit it came in November 2007 to mine explosions. From using the transit route Assamaka (Algerian border) – Arlit – Agadez – Tahoua should therefore be taken under the present conditions far. On this track and also on the road connecting Agadez, Zinder, not individual trips are longer allowed, it forced there to ride in convoy, accompanied by the military. On the roads between Tahoua and Agadez and between Agadez and Arlit it came in November 2007 to mine explosions. From using the transit route Assamaka (Algerian border) – Arlit – Agadez – Tahoua should therefore be taken under the present conditions far. On this track and also on the road connecting Agadez, Zinder, not individual trips are longer allowed, it forced there to ride in convoy, accompanied by the military. Stand: 1 / 2008
From mid-December to March is the Niger River from the direction of Nigeria to Niamey navigable.
Mobility and Languages
The road network is 10,000 km long. Only 800 km of which are attached. Almost all roads are toll roads fix. Especially in the desert roads marked on the maps are usually only runs, ie marked with empty barrels and old tires stripes. Besides the official language is French are also Hausa (various dialects), Djerma, Tamashek (the language of the Tuareg) and Fulfulde (the language of the Fulani) is spoken. Other languages such as English or German are still limited, therefore, are outside the hotels basic knowledge of French useful.
Buy in Niger
Local currency is the Franc CFA (= 100 centimes), which is in a fixed exchange rate against the euro: € 1 = 665 CFA 1000 CFA = 1.50 €. Besides the few banks, most hotels € change in the local currency. Sometimes the dealers in cities also accept euros. Therefore, it is advantageous to bring along small euro notes. Traveler’s checks can be only in the larger banks in Niamey change, outside the capital, it is difficult or impossible to exchange travelers’ checks. Credit cards are virtually useless, since most foreign banks, the credit card agreements with Niger have been terminated (except for a few large hotels).
Usual business hours are 07:30 to 12:30 Monday to Saturday and 15:00 to 6:30 p.m., Sunday 08:00 to 12:30. The business hours of banks are usually shorter (in the morning until 11:30, until 17:00 pm, not on weekends). Is of course when buying traded on the first offer they can offer as a counter-proposal, the quiet half (except in the few supermarkets). Almost always you will then move toward each other and meet somewhere.
Stay Healthy in Niger
Niger is one of the yellow fever vaccination required (the international vaccination certificate is checked on entry). In addition, the following vaccinations are recommended:
- Tetanus / diphtheria
- Hepatitis A and hepatitis B
There is year-round malaria risk throughout the country including the cities. In the southern parts of the country risk is naturally higher, but must be reckoned with Malaria in the Saharan oases. Therefore, during the entire trip should take prophylaxis are performed. During the dry season there is an increased risk of infection for meningococcal meningitis . During this period, which lasts until about May are, in Africa most of meningococcal meningitis reported illnesses. The Impstellen offer a Miningokokken vaccination.
Nationally, there is an increased risk of infection for various intestinal infections , which are transmitted by contaminated food or beverages (eg, hepatitis A, typhoid, dysentery, amoebic dysentery, giardiasis, worm infections, Norvo virus). In addition to appropriate vaccinations therefore strict food hygiene is paramount. In fresh water, especially in the southern parts of the country has with schistosomiasis are expected. The medical care is in the vicinity of Niamey comparatively well in the remote areas of the North scarce.
The south has interacted humid tropical climate with summer rain. One can distinguish four seasons. First heat period from March to May: very high temperatures to 45 ° C, at night it cools down to just below 30 ° C from. Rainy season from June to September: very heavy rains and high humidity in the south, daytime temperatures to 35 ° C, night 20-25 ° C. Second heat period from October to mid November: no precipitation, clear skies, temperatures above 35 ° C during the day and night at 20 ° C. Cold season from late November to late February: dry, daytime to 30 ° C at night to 15 ° C.
The northern desert climate (Sahara), has here no rain falls sometimes for years. Typical are the large temperature fluctuations between day and night (on sandy soil than in rocky terrain). From December to February is to be expected near-freezing night temperatures in the Sahara. The hottest months are April to June (the maximum daily temperatures in Agadez, then reach an average of 46 ° C, night 15-25 ° C).