Travel Guide to Morocco – Morocco is a kingdom in northwest Africa. North of the Mediterranean and west is the North Atlantic. Borders are in the south to Mauritania, east to Algeria in the north and to the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the Mediterranean coast.
Through the Straits of Gibraltar, Morocco from Spain and the British colony of Gibraltar separately. The small village of Merzouga is a popular destination on the edge of the Sahara , known primarily because of the impressive sand dunes, which served as a backdrop in many films.
Some Cities in Morocco
Agadir – is famous for its beautiful beaches. The city is very modern, living by trading, fishing and tourism. Has historically not offer much new 9 km long beach promenade. The weather is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and very pleasant. Touristical infrastructure, there are many tours offered ims region, even Marrakech is easily accessible by the new highway.
Asni – is a good starting point for trips into the Atlas Mountains .
Casablanca – has a large international airport and will be so for many tourists is the starting point of Morocco holiday. The historic old town and the modern mosque, which is the second largest in the world, are worthwhile goals for a nice half day trip.
Chefchaouen – is situated in the hinterland of Tangier. Winding roads, blue doors and old olive trees provide a picturesque atmosphere and offer a welcome respite to Tangier.
Essaouira – is an old and historic seaside town, which is from tourism (re) discovered and almost overwhelmed by day-trippers. The streets and squares have been renovated complex in recent years.
Fez – is the former capital of Morocco and one of the largest medieval cities in the world. It consists of the old
Medina – a new town from the French period, and a true, fast-growing new town of today.
Ifrane – is one of the smallest cities of Morocco and the Moroccan resort town. Located in the middle between Meknes and
Fes Atlas – is a good stop in transit.
Marrakech – is the perfect combination of old and new Morocco alone and really worth a visit. You should plan several days to the labyrinthine souks (bazaars) and to explore the ruins of the old town. One tip is to visit the great Djeema El Fna at dusk.
Getting to Morocco
Morocco since 1956 by the former protectorate powers, France and Spain and a sovereign independent state. That same year, Tangier, which had previously international status, returned to Morocco. In the second half of the 1970s, Morocco annexed the Western Sahara and considers this to this day as Moroccan territory.
EU citizens require a passport for Morocco, not a visa is required. As part of package tour, the entry with an ID card is possible. Tourists entering the country automatic right to stay for 90 days (from date of entry stamp). An extension of the right to stay is possible, but can be very costly. It is easier in the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta or Melilla, to travel and to enter again.
An entry on the land border with Algeria is not possible because the border is closed. Borders are to the Spanish enclaves as well as Mauritania (annexed by Morocco in Western Sahara).
Airlines and their low-cost offshoot of the state as the Moroccan Airline. But especially in the charter pilots have the resorts offer. From Germany, for example, provides the Air Arabia Maroc twice weekly non-stop flights from Cologne / Bonn to Nador.
There is no rail connection to and from Algeria , but due to disputes with Algeria is the border between Morocco and Algeria, closed for several years and can not be happening. It is only by train to the border of Oujda .
In Spain there are trains all the way to Algeciras go, but from there you have to ferry terminals and ferry to Tangier translate. From Tangier you can then go out to all major Städe that are connected to the railway network. These include Rabat, Casablanca, Fez and Marrakesh. With overcrowded trains is expected especially in the summer.
From the port of Tangier to the new station (“Gare Tangier Ville”), take a taxi.
The entry on Algeria is currently (2010) is not possible. But you can take a car ferry, eg Algeciras in southern Spain to Tangier , Ceuta , translate, Nador or Melilla. An entry from Mauritania is now easily possible. Upon entry to the car it must be declared at customs. It will require a green card. It is important to ensure that MA is not crossed out in Morocco. If you enter the country with a vehicle that was not allowed to own the name, there must be a power of attorney from the vehicle owner. The easiest way to get it from the ADAC prior to arrival. When leaving the car can cause problems if someone else runs the car when it was introduced. CB radios are prohibited. GPS devices need to be registered at customs.
Main spoken language and mother tongue of nearly half the population in Morocco is “Darija”, a Creole language, which is often regarded as a dialect of Arabic, but Arabs from the Middle East is incomprehensible. Standard Arabic is the official language and is taught in schools. Approximately 50-70% of Moroccans speak one of the three Berberidiome in the country as their native language. Under the name “Tamazight” is currently dominated by the Royal Institute of IRCAM and introduced a standardized Hochberberisch increasingly in the schools. In cities such as Agadir, one sees increasing business name and advertising in the Berber script Tifinagh.
French is widely used in Morocco and Bildungsssprache second, third, the latest from the Primary school for every student is taught. Many Moroccans speak French very well, basic knowledge of these languages are widely spoken. Mother tongue, it is only a very small upper class. Suffice for English and German tourists only in the tourist centers. Who wants to know the country better, should dominate French or Arabic. On the north (Tangier, Tetouan, Nador) and in the south (from Sidi Ifni) is also distributed in Spanish. These areas were formerly Spanish protectorate. In the north, in the immediate vicinity of the Spanish enclaves of Spanish television is very popular.
The Moroccan cuisine has a good international reputation and is responsible for countless dishes that combine Arabic and colonial influences are known. Unfortunately, the cheap restaurants often offer only a small selection of the rich cuisine, which seems to be similar everywhere. It should be taken urgently to the Europeans as hygienic conditions. See also further below under “Stay Healthy”
Tajine : is probably the most popular Moroccan dish. It’s a spicy meat stew that has simmered for hours in a special clay pot. Often, different variations are available, such as chicken with lemon grass and olive Tangine or prawn tagine with a spicy tomato sauce. In cheap restaurants, the dishes cost about Dh25.
Couscous : is a very popular dish in North Africa.
Kaliya : is a berbisches court and consists of lamb, tomatoes, peppers and onions. Usually bread or couscous is served on the side.
Pastilla (also: B’stila ) : is a popular delicacy, layers alternate between thin layers of dough is made from a sweet, spiced meat (usually lamb or chicken, pigeon is highly recommended) and layers of almond paste. The dough is folded on plate size and sprinkled with powdered sugar after baking.
Harira : French soupe marocaine is a delicious soup made from lentils, chickpeas, lamb, tomatoes and vegetables. This one usually eats dates and simit. The court will cost about 2.5 to 5 words.
Besara (also called Tamarakt) : is a traditional soup that is served for breakfast. The slurry, consisting of green beans and a dash of olive oil, is available virtually anywhere in the morning markets and town centers. For 3-5 means you get a bowl Besara and some bread.
In many cafes and restaurants, you get breakfast ( petit déjeuner ) offered, consisting usually of a tea or coffee, orange juice and a croissant or bread with jam. Therefore you should pay about Dh10.
Snacks and fast food
A widespread fast-food chain in Morocco is rotisserie chicken , where you can get a roasted quarter chicken with fries and salad already for about Dh20. There you can also get sandwiches for about Dh10, one gets offered, but also to small stalls often. It is crusty baguettes with various fillings are to have: including tuna, chicken and various salads. These chips are then used in the sandwich, and mayonnaise on top. Often, you are approached by street vendors selling small bags of nuts , beans or popcorn offer. Also very popular is the shawarma that you get in Germany of Lebanese and Moroccan food stalls. The Pâtisseries (pastry shops) usually offer excellent pastries, both according to European and Moroccan tradition.
Those who have it can not find, in all large cities also have a McDonalds, but the prices there as in Europe. In Tangier, there are on the roof of McDonalds even romantic candlelit dinners. Tea Morocco is famous for its Atay (thé à la menthe), a white tea brews up with a special Moroccan mint. It is invigorating and serves as many Moroccans as a coffee substitute. The tea can be had in tea houses from Dh5.