Travel Guide to Mongolia – The Mongolia is a large country in East Asia . It borders Russia and China .Mongolia is divided into 20 regions called the aimag. These aimags are subdivided into sub-units called Sum, which in turn have major cities. The smallest administrative unit of the bag, where there is usually no more fixed habitations. The capital and the surrounding region is the Central Aimag. This move about half of the sedentary population. Ulaanbaatar in May 2007 celebrated the one-millionth inhabitant. Mongolia is the geographic expansion so large that it covers three time zones.
The most important city, and also the only one with an international flight and Eisenbahnberbindung Ulaanbaatar. The city counted in May 2007, one million inhabitants, and is not only the seat of government and virtually all administrative bodies and authorities, but also the only city to the notion of a major city in the Western sense equivalent. Here, all trade is conducted with foreign countries, the station has a Containerverladestation, the same customs-free zone is a type in which the trade of goods for import will be made in advance.
About 400 km north-west of Ulaanbaatar is Erdenet , Mongolia’s second largest city. Here is one of the world’s largest molybdenum deposits, and one of the largest copper mines in Asia. The proceeds from the copper mining account for approximately 70% of government revenue from Mongolia, which underlines the importance of this town (68,000 inhabitants). Molybdenum is also a sought-after precious metal which is used to make stainless steel and high-temperature superconductors. Ulaabataar lies northeast of Darkhan. Darkhan is the third largest city in Mongolia, and is close to the (supposed) birthplace of Genghis Khan.
The largest city in the south is Dalansadgad, which is located in the Gobi Desert in the foothills of the Altai Mountains. Probably the greenest city and the most important city in the West is Khovd. In the middle of a valley in the Altai Mountains, located, enjoys the city of abundant water resources, even Khowd come the seat of a university to the students from the western, southern and eastern regions to foreign languages (English, Russian), politics, economics, geology to . study Here there is a branch of the WWF, which operates in this region of Mongolia in conservation projects.
The furthest west town is Olgii Bayan, here is mainly processed in the / export trade with Kazakhstan. This is also the coldest city in Mongolia with an average temperatures of -0.5 degrees and an altitude of 1700 meters above sea level. The city is surrounded by mountains up to 3000 meters high, which are easy to reach and climb. Virtually all the sights of Mongolia lie outside the cities. Every valley, every mountain peak, every mountain pass can be a special attraction. Such places can be found usually only with a knowledgeable driver.
Anyone who spends a few days in Mongolia, one can single-or multi-day trip to the Terelj Nature Reserve make, which is about 70 km from Ulaabaatar away. This offers the possibility to stay with a family and experience life in the country to close quarters. Other attractions are the St. Mandschuir (about 50 km from UB) which also lies in a nature reserve. It will be provided accommodation on site and you can also take walks in the area.
For a two-day trip by public transport to Karakorum, is 480 km west of Ulaanbaatar. Here is the monastery Erdene Zuu. Also worth seeing is the archaeological site of Karakorum, the first fortified capital of Mongolia. Karakorum was probably in the 14th Century conquered and destroyed. Perhaps the most interesting place is the Gurvan Saichan National Park near Dalansadgad. Here one of the biggest finds of dinosaur bones can be found worldwide. It is a sandstone formation that releases due to natural erosion, these dinosaur bones which employ teams of researchers who had traveled around the world.
A half day’s journey west of Dalansadgad a glacier in the middle of the desert, and yet another three hours (100 km) is Khohgoryn Els, the largest sand dune in the world with about 120 km, 30 km wide and 200 meters. In the north of Mongolia lies the Khovsgol lake, one of the biggest lakes of Mongolia, surrounded by a nature conservation area which extends up to the Russian border. Geologists suspect that in the past was associated with the Lake Baikal together. The lake is suitable for walkers, and also offer tours to several days to be completed mostly on horseback. In the northeast live Saatan that are reindeer nomads, whose area can be visited only by special permission.
200 km south of the lake Khovsgol are the hot water springs of Dschargalant. The Nature Park is, unfortunately, apart from the long-distance routes, and is practically accessible only by an organized tour. Not far away are the Orkhon waterfalls, which are also worth seeing. Who mountaineering ambitions can romp around Hovd and Bayan Olgii. The highest peak is Mongolia a day’s journey from Khovd and is slightly more than 4000 meters high. Beginners prefer to climb around on the edge of Bayan Olgii here to get there without special equipment.
One to lie two days of Bayan Olgii four national parks that are close to the border with Kazakhstan, China or Russia. This will require a so-called Border Permit (Mongolian: Polisiin Graniziin Söwschöörol, Russian: Graniziin Anketa), which is at Bayan Olgii get a small fee at the tourist office and costs an entrance ticket for the National Parks standsdmäßig Tugrik 3000.