Travel Guide to Iran – Of Iran is a country in the Middle East . It is bordered to the north by Armenia , Azerbaijan , the Caspian Sea and Turkmenistan to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan , the south by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf and the west by Iraq and Turkey .
For entry into the Islamic Republic of Iran, you need a visa. Upon submission of a formal appeal (the invitation of an institution, government agency, a business enterprise), the Interior Ministry in Tehran issued a so-called reference-no. This is a condition for issuing the visa that is issued by the consulates or embassies. The Iranian Embassy in Germany can issue a visa without an invitation, when explaining his travel concerns. Interest in religion and culture make themselves look good. This one needs a passport that is valid at least 6 months. Private invitations are also accepted in exceptional cases (kinship relations). Relatively easily is the procedure when one turns to a specialized travel agency or a visa agency. Iran is an Islamic republic, in which everything – according to Islamic law, which – even in everyday life Sharija is regulated.
Flights are very cheap (as of 1998) and as a tourist you can still get into sold-out machinery space. The bus network in Iran is very well developed and there are regular services between major cities and at least a daily service between smaller cities in the country. There are two bus categories, the older Mercedes buses and the more expensive but more comfortable Volvo buses with air conditioning. Nevertheless, the prices for Volvo buses for Western European ratio is very cheap, so you pay for the trip in a Volvobus from Mashhad to Tehran (14 hours) less than 10 €. It is recommended that tickets for the buses to travel, because overcrowding are generally not accepted. The tickets can be reserved at the bus stations, or some bus companies have offices in major cities, where reservations are also accepted. For longer routes, the bus stops every few hours, so a meal or snack can be taken. Between cities that are close to each other, and from Tehran towards the Caspian Sea often operate mini buses , which are a bit more expensive than the buses that go the same route. The mini buses leave from the rule if the bus is full.
Also between cities that are close together, often operate taxis (Savari). The principle here is that everyone pays a seat. If you take the taxi alone, so you pay as much as the taxi would have yielded fully occupied. As a tourist, one is often the passenger seat is offered, which is usually twice as expensive but, like a rear seat in the row. Savaris have the advantage that they are a lot faster than coaches, they cost more. For the trip to Tehran to Qom (approximately 2 hours), you pay 20,000 riyals, or about 2 €. Savaris usually wait near bus stations, where riders call out their destination. The Savari starts when it is full.
The railway network of Iran is rather loosely, linking all parts of the country together, there are even some new rail lines planned. More info at RAJA where you can retrieve a list of routes and travel times. Within the cities there is a good bus system that is difficult for tourists to use, because the buses are set forth in Farsi. The prices are often above 500 riyals (5 € cents) for a bus ride. Bus tickets can be bought in advance at ticket kiosks and small are the ticket when exiting the bus driver.
Are easier to use taxis . They are usually taxis and operate on fixed routes, but it is possible that you hire a taxi alone, but then you pay as much as the taxi would have gotten full. To take a taxi, to set at the curb. The taxi drivers are identified as a potential customer and brake just enough that you can call into the target window. If the destination is on his route, the taxi slows down, to enter a leave, if not, you have to try it the next taxi. A ride in taxis rarely costs more than 5,000 riyals (50 euro cents), except in Tehran , where the price level is higher. There are cities in the respective official taxi companies, but in principle can be any car into a taxi, and often also try to motorcycle riders deserve to have some extra money. An important note about using taxis in the cities. One should avoid if possible, to try to tell the driver the exact address until you have those words, he’s moved on long ago. It is better to specify an intersection, a monument, landmark or simply “Mostaghim” (straight) to say, this can be very useful, because many main roads in Iran are long, straight roads that cross the city.
In Tehran there is also a subway system , a ticket will cost 700 riyals (7 € cents). With the use of public transport should be ensured that no man sits next to a woman who is not related to him. In the city buses, there is no way that the men sitting up front in the bus while women sit on the back of the bus. The women have to pass the ticket to the driver, get rich and the ticket to the driver through the front door, while they may not stand on the running board. In principle, should not a woman in a taxi next to a man who is not related to her place, in practice this is not handled as strictly. In the metro from Tehran , there are special cars, which are reserved for women, but it is quite common that women go into the other car.
In every city you will find Kababis who have one thing in particular, namely various kebabs on offer. Kebabs are served as kebabs, plus there is a portion of rice. Furthermore, we find in many cities to restaurants that have an Iranian version of pizza on offer as well as many stalls that sell sandwiches or hamburgers. In addition to tea and tea houses can often order a hookah dizi, a kind of soup with vegetables that are eaten with pita bread. To learn about other dishes, you have to be usually invited to someone’s house. Breakfast often consists of bread with cheese, honey or jam. The pita bread can be divided into different types. Thus, for example, one of the best Sangak, which is eaten crisp, fresh and very warm.