Travel Guide to Hong Kong – The metropolis of Hong Kong (Chinese香港Xiānggǎng upright, Yale. HE unggóng, Jyutping: Hoeng1gong2, Guangfu: Hêng1gong2, Yựtpíng. Hơnggỏng, English Hong Kong “Fragrant Harbour”) is the name of a special administrative zone on the southern coast of the People’s Republic of China .
The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region can be divided into four regions, Kowloon , Hong Kong, Iceland , New Territories and Outlying Islands divide. The actual core of the city lies on both sides of Victoria Harbour, both in Kowloon and on Hong Kong Iceland . Many ferry services and car tunnels and subway lines connect the two sides of the city.
Hong Kong is located on the Pearl River Delta. Hong Kong’s 1090 sq km area divided into four areas: Hong Kong, Iceland (79 sq km), Kowloon (12 sq km), New Territories (740 sq km) and the Outer Islands (248 sq km). Determined by the city at the foot of the mountains it extends. The highest elevation is the TaiMoShan (957m) in the New Territories, Hong Kong, Iceland’s highest peak, the peak (552 m).
Almost eight million people live in Hong Kong, Kowloon, mainly in the north of Hong Kong Iceland. The New Territories and the other islands are often few and sometimes not even settled. 98 percent of the population of Hong Kong are Chinese and only about one percent of residents are white. The main religions are Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. Christians make in Hong Kong for nearly 10 percent of the population, it is especially Anglicans and Catholics. Islam plays only a subordinate role, scarves are a rarity on the streets.
In Hong Kong and humid subtropical climate with hot summers and mild winters and dry. The temperatures in January 5 to 15 degrees and rising in the summer months to an average of almost 30 degrees. Particularly unusual may be the high humidity, especially in the months to April to August. Values of 97% are not uncommon. In April to September the monsoon provides large amounts of precipitation, mainly in the form of sudden downpours. In summer (July-September) is typhoon season, and during this hurricane storms sometimes prevails curfew to which you should keep it. Hong Kong can travel throughout the year, but the months of June to August, but climatically very stressful.
Hiking this may sound so strange, Hong Kong is a paradise for hikers. Whether the MacLehose Trail in the New Territories or a hike to the beautiful “Tai Long Wan” beach at “Sai Kung”, which is only reachable on foot. The road network is well developed and sometimes through untouched nature. There also are beautiful hiking trails on the islands of Lantau, Lamma and Cheung Chau Iceland. The Hong Kong Tourism Board holds this provides some very nice hiking tips. Even for families with children just the hiking trails on the island of Cheung Chau former pirates are interesting. The Outlying Ferry Pier terminals are in close proximity to the IFC Building and the Star Ferry to Hong Kong Iceland.
There is a compulsory education for all children between 6 and 15 years. As Chinese society has in the formation of a very high priority, most children as young as 3 years old are sent to schools. Primary education begins at age 6 and lasts 6 years. The junior high school education is divided into shape (3 years) and senior form (2 years). About 90% of children go through the entire school to high school education, to participate in a State examination (HKCEE) can, after its existence, you get a Certificate of Education. To get a college education, you must first complete two years high school education and then put a numerus clausus-examination for admission to the university.
Since the 1970s, compulsory education in Hong Kong is free for all other educational opportunities are right at high fees, are for the compulsory education, also many private institutions that promise a higher quality education at a higher price. Language is Chinese (Cantonese). Until 1997, most secondary schools taught in English, which was banned by the new government despite major protests of the population. Currently have only a few selected high schools allowed to teach in English.
As the economy of Hong Kong with the People’s Republic of China and other Asian economies compete, the Hong Kong government sees a high level of education as the only way the high standard of living in Hong Kong to maintain. There are plans so that all entrants must have a college education with the year 2010, approximately 60%. Hong Kong has eight universities and two Academy institutions offering a bachelor’s degree studies. Because of the high demand for higher education there is now offering a large number of other institutions of higher education courses. The oldest university is the University of Hong Kong, which was founded in 1910.