Travel Guide to Burkina Faso – Burkina Faso is a country in West Africa , the inside of the Niger is arch and Mali , Niger , Benin , Togo , Ghana and the Ivory Coast (Cote d’Ivoire) borders. The former French colony of Upper Volta became the fifth August 1960 under that name their independence.
On 4 August 1984, the name of the country under President Thomas Sankara in Burkina Faso (‘land of honorable men “or” land of the upright “), as amended. The predominantly flat -locked country with interests in the major regions Sudan and Sahel is characterized by tropical climate and diverse savannas dominated landscapes. Administrative and cultural capital of 13,730,258 inhabitants (2006 census) counting the country’s central metropolitan city Ouagadougou. About half of the Burkinabe ( Burkinabe ) belongs to the politically dominant ethnic group of Mossi , a colonization by France to the end of the 19th Century in several strictly hierarchically organized rich lived. In Burkina Faso, about 60 indigenous languages are spoken, the Islam is in addition to the traditional beliefs of the religion meistpraktizierte. After a period of political instability with numerous coups came in 1983 to the Revolution of the pan-African socialist-oriented Thomas Sankara .
Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world , stands today, but by a certain stability and the cultural diversity of ethnic groups living together peacefully from. Periodic droughts also often brings great distress of mainly as a farmer living population. President since 1987 Blaise Compaoré , who has ruled the country since the semi-authoritarian coup against Sankara and create stable conditions for the benefit of foreign investment. Burkina Faso depends among other things, held every two years pan-African film festival FESPACO out.
Getting to Burkina Faso
German citizens need a visa for entry. This will be issued immediately at the border for a fee of 10,000 CFA and is valid for 7 days. Who wants to stay longer in the country may have his visa extended for an item of the “Surete Nationale”. This is then up to 3 months and valid for multiple entries. The extension is free. Alternatively, it was possible before the arrival of a message in one of the member countries of the “entente touristique” a “VTE” (touristique Visa d’Entente) to be issued. This was up to 3 months for the countries Benin , Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast , Niger and Togo valid. This visa is not profitable and was abolished. A visa must be currently one month prior to entry issued by the embassy.
From Ouagadougou airport daily flights go to Paris or Brussels for two years after. The flights do sometimes go in Ouagadougou and either stop or continue to Abidjan to Ouagadougou, they start to make the return flight stopover in Niamey. The airport is located near downtown and has been for several years under construction. Since 2010, it is possible to check the return flight with Air France or Air Brussels in the afternoon to 16 clock luggage already, because the flights are late at night in Ouagadougou and one saves it, wait two hours in the airport in the evening to have.
There is only one railway line that connects Ouagadougou to Bobo-Dioulasso the Ivory Coast.
On the edge of the larger cities there are large transport company operated bus stations for long-distance travelers. This is reflected in correspondingly lower price, but then these are the coaches with air conditioning and meals on board. The major tour buses are made on time, and there exists a kind of reservation system ensures that you get with even a seat. In the center you can ride in small buses, cars or trucks on truck beds.
Fauna in Burkina Faso
Most of the large mammals inhabiting the savannas are also found in Burkina Faso, threatened by the enormous population pressure but in their habitats. Some species, such as giraffes and cheetahs in the country are no longer found. In the protected areas live hippos , elephants , antelopes , monkeys , gazelles and leopards , which were decimated by hunting. There are African bush rats and snakes . 495 bird species in the country were detected, including the African ostrich , several stork species , about 50 different raptors , hornbills , kingfishers and bee-eaters . In the lakes and mares live crocodiles , which are of the population as a “holy crocodiles” very honored. For certain species are hunting bans.
The kitchen is rather simple with a few restaurants. Typical dishes are Tô (millet or maize porridge) Riz gras , sauce d’yams . Meat and poultry are often a little tough, but very tasty. The sauce is often awarded with baobab leaves or okra (Gombo) a European taste for the unusual viscous consistency. Typical spices and chilies Soumbala (fermented fruit of the tree Néré).
Mobility and Languages
In the rainy season between June and October about some parts of the country due to poor road conditions are hardly accessible. In many places you can rent cars in Ouagadougou. The prices for them are relatively high and are almost at the same level as in Germany. It is recommended for Europeans must take a car with air conditioning, the best one “Cat-Cat”, or “quatre-quatre,” a four wheel drive vehicle. In general, these vehicles are always rented with a driver, just what if it’s your first time traveling by car there is also advisable. It has relations with the local population, then you can ride it with your own chauffeur from the relationship, this is accepted.
With French, you can make easily understandable throughout the country. A few words in the local language but are always well received.