The Todaiji Temple is a Buddhist temple in the Japanese city of Nara . It houses the largest Buddhist statue. The main hall has a width of 57.01 meters, a depth of 50.48 meters and a height of 48.74 meters, the largest pure-built wooden building in the world.
The statue of the Great Buddha represents Buddha Vairocana (Japanese Birushana , or Dainichi ) dar. It is located in the main hall of the Todai-ji , which was built in 1708 again, but originally should have been larger by a third. The cast bronze figure is only 16.2 m high, high pedestal with 452 tons in weight and 30 m. The temple is also a shrine of the Shinto deity Hachiman , in the Nara period was declared (710-794) to the patron god of the Great Buddha. Noteworthy is also the gateway ( Nandaimon ) from the year 1199 high with the two guard statues around 8.5m (NOK). The system of Todai-ji is one of the UNESCO – World Heritage Site .
The temple was 745 in the Nara period by order of Emperor Shomu built, the Buddha was finished 751st Emperor Shomu wanted to rule over a kingdom, ruled by the principle of harmony and the Buddhist law. A devastating smallpox epidemic of 735-737, which obliterated one third of the population of Japan, to construct led Shomu, in every province government monasteries and convents with large Buddha images. 741, the emperor issued a decree that the establishment of a nationwide network of provincial monasteries foresaw, the Todai-ji Temple of the main Kokubun-ji was. He and the other monasteries should bring the state and prosperity of the population and in particular avoiding disasters such as earthquakes, fires and crop failures.