Tirana is the capital of Albania and the cultural and economic center of the country. The city is also the seat of Parliament (Kuvendi) and the government of Tirana County and the district Tirana. The city claims it has about 625,000 inhabitants (2009) (agglomeration 895 042 (2008)). In the 2011 census, only 421 286 inhabitants were recorded.
Tirana is located at the western foot of Mount Dajti (1611 m) at the transition from the level in the rolling hills at an altitude of 110 m in central Albania. To the coast of the Adriatic Sea at the port city of Durres, there are only about 30 kilometers as the crow flies. In the south and west of Tirana is surrounded by hills that make up the Dajti a green belt around the city. To the northwest will open a 40-kilometer level to the sea coast.
On the northern outskirts of the city runs the river of the same Tirana (Alb. Tiranës Lumi i), one of the headwaters of the river Ishëm. A few miles south flows the ore pass Tirana. The city center is by the river Lana crosses. An artificial lake (Liqeni artificial) located at the Great Park (Parku i Madh) on the southern edge of downtown.