Tbilisi is the capital of Georgia. It is the most populous and largest city in the country. Tbilisi has more than one million inhabitants, the total area is 726 square kilometers, the cultivated area of 70 square kilometers.
The city lies at the heart of the Caucasus -the isthmus in the eastern part of Georgia. It extends in a mountain valley 21 kilometers along the River Kura (Georgian Mtkvari). In the west of Tbilisi mountain Mtazminda, bounded on the east by the hills Machata, in the south of the mountain range and Mtabori Solalaki. According to the mountainous terrain as the municipalities have differences in height between 380 and 727m. Many neighborhoods were built in terraces on the slopes.
The name Georgia Tbilisi meaning ‘warm spring’, from თბილი, tbili (dt, warm’). On the northeastern slopes of Mtabori bubbling up to 46.5 °C hot carbonated sulfur -spring water from the earth, which has been used for centuries in bathhouses. The tradition says that the Georgian King Vakhtang I Gorgasali killed while hunting in a wooded valley, a pheasant. The animal fell into a hot spring bubbling from the water and was immediately boiled at all. The king had just explore the area. When he learned that there were many hot springs, he founded the city in this place 485 to Tbilisi.
About 30% of the population now live in Tbilisi, Georgia and surrounding areas. During 2005 there were 1,049,498 inhabitants within the city limits ( Census 2002: 1,073,345), the number of residents in Tbilisi and its surroundings in the same year, 1,258,085. Georgia’s capital city is multicultural. In Tbilisi, around 84% of the population of Georgia (2002 census) .7,6% Armenian, 3.0% Russians, 1.6% Kurd, 1.1% Azeri, 0.95% Ossetians, 0.4% of Greeks, 0.3% Ukrainian, 0.04% Abkhazians. Religions are many and varied. Tbilisi is home to old church building of the Georgian Orthodox Church of the Apostles, the Armenian Gregorian Church of the Apostles and the Roman Catholic Church . There is a Sephardi and two Ashkenazi synagogues, a Sunni mosque, a Zoroastrian temple and a Lutheran church.
Under the Russian Emperor Alexander I were Württemberg Pietists settled in the South Caucasus, who settled here for religious reasons. Two of the Caucasus Germans inhabited settlements were combined over time with Tbilisi, namely in 1817, founded settlements “new Tbilisi” and “Alexander village” located in present-day district Didube-Tschugureti. In 1941 on the adoption of Stalin after the German-born inhabitants of Siberia deported, so their presence in Tbilisi ended abruptly. In the area of the former New Tbilisi are now the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany and the former home of the Nobel Peace Prize winner Bertha von Suttner. As representatives of numerous businesses and offices of political organizations as well as from Germany, including the Goethe Institute are located in Tbilisi, a German community has developed for the 2010 opening of a “German International School” was.