Taormina is a city with 11 076 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2010) on the east coast of Sicily. The founding of the city goes to the Sicels back to even before the Greek colonization settled on the terraces of Monte Tauro. In the 4th Century BC the city was Greek. The modern city is a start from the Middle Ages, after the Arabs had destroyed the ancient city.
Due to the picturesque landscape, the mild climate and numerous historical attractions, the city developed in the 19th and 20 Century one of the most important tourist centers in Sicily. Particularly interesting are the famous and ancient theater overlooking Mount Etna and the bay of Giardini Naxos and the small island of Isola Bella off the coast of Taormina.
Taormina is located in the Italian province of Messina, about 40 kilometers northeast of Mount Etna on the Ionian Sea, between Messina and Catania. The original village was on a terrace of Monte Tauro, built about 200 meters above sea level. Today the city extends to the sea. The neighboring communities of the city are Calatabiano, Castelmola, Castiglione di Sicilia, Gaggi, Giardini Naxos and Taormina. From Messina, Taormina is situated 45 km from Catania, 57 km.
The Mediterranean climate is very mild on the east coast of Sicily. In January and February are the average temperatures at 14°C in July and August at 28°C to 33°C. The average water temperature in winter 16°C, in summer 28°C. The rainiest months are November and December.
One of the first and most famous tourist Taormina was in 1787, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, of the place, accompanied by Christoph Heinrich Kniep and visited him a few pages in the Italian Journey dedicated. Towards the end of the 19th Century began to flourish tourism. The painter Otto Geleng made by his landscapes, he painted of Taormina and surroundings, the place known far beyond Sicily. Attention provided to the nude photographs of Sicilian boys, which the photographer Wilhelm von Gloeden recorded here. Geleng Gloeden and attracted a long list of other artists such as Oscar Wilde, DH Lawrence, Thomas Mann and Richard Strauss.
Thanks to the mild climate of Taormina was a popular winter residence of European aristocrats. Even the German Emperor Wilhelm II went on a trip to Taormina. During the visit of the Austrian Empress Elisabeth was significantly expanded in 1866 set up the station and got the main building still worth seeing today in the Art Nouveau style. Many guests stayed for weeks, sometimes months, and brought money into the village. The first large hotels were opened. Mid-20th Century, Taormina became a popular resort for well-known movie stars like Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Cary Grant, Elizabeth Taylor and many others. The main visitor time now shifted from winter to summer. Today the city destination for tour groups and day-trippers from around the world.