Tanzania – is in East Africa between Victoria and Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa and the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Mozambique , Malawi , Zambia , the Democratic Republic of Congo , Burundi , Rwanda , Uganda and Kenya. The United Republic of Tanzania is a country in East Africa through Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo is bordered to the west and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique in the south. Eastern border is the Indian Ocean.
Tanzania is a country with 26 regions (mikoa), including the semi-autonomous Zanzibarregion together. The head of state is President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete, elected in 2005.Since 1996, the official capital of Tanzania, Dodoma, located where the parliament andsome government buildings. Between independence and 1996 was the most important coastal city of Dar es Salaam, as the political capital. Today Dar es Salaam remains themost important commercial city of Tanzania and the de facto seat of most government institutions. He is the great seaport of the country and its landlocked neighbors.
The name derives from the name of Tanzania Tanganyika and Zanzibar united the two countries in 1964, the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which was laterrenamed in the same year in the United Republic of Tanzania to form.
Dar es Salaam
Dodoma – Dodoma is the official capital.
Dar es Salaam – Dar es Salaam is the unofficial capital and largest city in Tanzania.
Arusha – Arusha, the capital of the region in the northeast. If the center of the safari tourism with various agencies for safari and Kilimanjaro trek.
Moshi – city in northeast Tanzania. Thanks to the proximity of the starting point of many Kilimanjaro climbing Kilimanjaro.
The Serengeti – National Park in northern Tanzania
Ngorongoro – National Park with the famous Ngorongoro Crater
Tarangire – National Park with the famous baobab trees
Mikumi National Park – National Park near Dar es Salaam
Lake Manyara – National Park with year round water reserve
Zanzibar – the spice island with wonderful white sand beaches
Lake Tanganyika – more than 700km, the longest lake in the world
Kilwa – the ruins of a medieval cities in the world
Tanzania has been inhabited for thousands of years. Three thousand years ago it was already visited by Indians and Arabs. In the 19th Century was colonized by Germany in Tanzania but in the first world war captured by the United Kingdom. After the second world war, the country is administered by the United Nations and finally on 9 December 1961 regardless.
The Tanzanian mainland is a 16-64 kilometer wide coastal plain with tropical vegetation, 213-1067 m altitude in Maasai savannah in the north and a high plateau in the south (900-1200 meters), which reaches up to Lake Malawi. Is due to the geological situation in a tectonic fault zone is huge crater in Tanzania and volcanoes such as Mount Rungwe (2960 m), Mount Meru (4562 m) and the highest mountain in Africa, the Kibo (5895 m). To the northwest lies the Serengeti of Tanzania (Maasai language “wide area”, “high level”, “infinite Country”), one of the most famous national parks in Africa. Moist and dry savannah with acacias and baobab trees dominate much of Tanzania. Semi-deserts and coastal plains (some with mangrove swamps) make up the rest of the landscape.
The main airport of the country in Dar es Salaam is Swiss (via Zurich), KLM (via Amsterdam), British Airways (via London), Emirates (via Dubai) and Ethiopian Airlines served (via Addis Ababa). KLM, Ethiopian Airlines (via Addis Ababa) and Condor have flights to Kilimanjaro Int. Airport near Arusha. Moreover, it can be flown with Qatar Airways (via Doha).
In Tanzania there because the British colonial past left-hand traffic.
A few car rental companies offer four-wheel drive cars for self drive. In Arusha, there are two full! Forte’s car hire can be recommended. (Www.fortescarhire.com) for trips to national parks necessarily a 4WD car is required.
The official language of Tanzania is Swahili. English is also widely used in Tanzania. In contrast to Kenya is Kiswahili in Tanzania, however, not a means of communication through tribal border, but real mother tongue of a large part. It is therefore more and better spoken than English. In rural villages, there may also be that one does not find a English speaking residents. In both languages, you should at least be able to demonstrate a basic vocabulary. According to a Wikitravelautors that includes the phrase greeting “Jambo!” (Pronounced dschambo). The word “Jambo” is really just to welcome in the fixed phrase “Hujambo?” (How are you?) – “Sijambo!”(I’m fine!) Used. Every now and then you can Jambo also hear from local to native (like us at one (“So what?” For “And how are you?” May be) in the rule “Jambo” but THE tourist greeting par excellence. Those who would come out as a tourist safari superficial culture without interest, which is the Benuztung of “Jambo” heartily recommended to all other recommended “Kiswahili – word for word” by Christoph Friedrich ISBN. 3-89416-074-8 (Still the best in Swahili! )