The Taj Mahal is a 58 m high and 56 m wide mausoleum (grave Mosque), which in Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh was on a 100 m × 100 m large marble platform erected. Furthermore, before he created a 18-acre garden in its center an oblong pool of water. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of him his first wife died in 1631 Mumtaz Mahal ( Arjumand Bano Begum ) build.
The Taj Mahal was built in 1983 in the list of UNESCO world cultural heritage included. Today, it is because of the perfect harmony of its proportions, as one of the most beautiful and important examples of the Mughal style of Islamic art . In addition, the Taj Mahal is a place of worship of the Muslim citizens used. Rabindranath Tagore described in one of his poems, the Taj Mahal as “a teardrop on the cheek of time” .
Apart from its importance as a tourist attraction is the Taj Mahal also a popular place to visit newly wedded India spouses to make the visit as the mutual love and encourage long term. In 2007, the Taj Mahal was built as a private initiative by the organizers voted one of the “new seven wonders of the world.” Both the UNESCO as the official guardian of the world cultural heritage as, for example, Egypt (Ancient Wonder of the World : Pyramids of Giza ) distanced themselves from the “personal campaign” without scientific criteria as specified choice .
The construction works and parts of the garden have been restored for more than a few decades. According to a report in the sto / AP of 16 May 2007, the Taj Mahal from industrial air pollution in spite of all Konservationsbemühungen turns yellow. Meanwhile, cars and buses can approach only two kilometers, a restoration is being considered. The Taj Mahal is in as original size and design of the leisure project Falcon City of Wonders in Dubai , United Arab Emirates will be rebuilt. A (less demanding) Taj Mahal copy can also be found on the initiative of a wealthy private citizen in Bangladesh .