The Table Mountain in South Africa, Cape Town is situated in the northern part of a mountain range on about 52 km long and up to 16 km wide, Cape Peninsula , the southern side of the Cape of Good Hope is located. He shapes the skyline of Cape Town. The highest point of Table Mountain is Maclear’s Beacon (Maclear’s Beacon) on the northeastern end of the plateau to 1087 m. Table Mountain has a total area of approximately 6,500 hectares.
Table Mountain is predominantly white, quartzitic Table Mountain sandstone , which rests on a granite-slate base, the so-called Malmesbury Bed It is about 430 million years old and was once about five times as high as today. Its present appearance is the result of wind and water erosion . Large areas of karst owe their forms (SiO 2 -karst). Through gaps and cracks in the sandstone water could penetrate and shape the stone. This resulted in large sandstone caves.
Table Mountain is located within the City of Cape Town and is the center of the city. The massif of Table Mountain are the Devil’s Peak with an altitude of 1000m, the Lion’s Head with 668 m height, the Signal Hill at 350 m altitude and the mountains of the Twelve Apostles, with heights 780-800 m. In good weather it is also 100 kilometers away in the West Coast National Park visible.
On Table Mountain there is a large variety of plants. About 1,400 plant species are identified, which is more than to meet throughout the UK. Many of them are endemic , ie found nowhere else in the world. ” fynbos “species-rich Mediterranean-Cape is Macchie called. The sheer number of heather plants and proteas – which includes South Africa’s national flower, the King Protea is one – in the hundreds.
For the fauna of Table Mountain are hyraxes and crows living in the sandstone caves and rely on foraging in the season mainly due to the tourists, which they eat out of hand photogenic.
Moist air masses from the open sea produces the Table Mountain as the first obstacle on flow, form very often the so-called Tablecloth (German: “tablecloth”): In the rise (and thus cooling) are forced air masses, clouds, while the northern and western slopes of the mountain a warm dry wind that makes it noticeable. Mostly, this phenomenon occurs in the South African summer.
Table Mountain is one of the most visited tourist attractions in South Africa. Besides a large number of trails of varying difficulty leads since 1929, also a cable car up Table Mountain – the original of Adolf Bleichert & Co. built and now several times renewed Table Mountain Aerial Cableway overcomes a height difference of 700 meters. The cable car was last by Doppelmayr and rebuilt with two ROTAIR cabins the CWA for 64 people and the cabin attendant feature, which rotate around itself while driving. The cabs run on two support cables and can be moved by a rope. In the 1200 meter course, there are no restraints. The cable car can carry 900 people per hour. Table Mountain is part of the established in May 1998 Table Mountain National Park .