Sydney is a city in Australia and the state capital of New South Wales . She was born on 26th January 1788 and is set with 3.64 million inhabitants (2006)  in an urban area (Urban Centre) is the largest city of the Australian continent . In the metropolitan area ( Sydney Statistical Division ) live 4.12 million people (2006). The core of the City of Sydney City with 177,000 inhabitants (2009) and 37 other communities existing agglomeration , the industrial, commercial and financial center of Australia and an important tourist destination. Numerous universities, museums and galleries are here. Sydney is Roman Catholic and Anglican archbishop’s seat. Sydney is often mistakenly believed to be the capital of Australia. This is actually Canberra .
The town lies on the east coast of Australia on the Pacific Ocean on average, three meters above sea level. The urban area ( Urbanized Area ) has an area of 1664 square kilometers. The Port Jackson , together with an area of 50 square kilometers and 19 kilometers of the main branch and both the natural harbor of Sydney. Branch off it, other estuaries such as the Middle Harbour. The Metropolitan Region ( Sydney Metropolitan Area ) covers an area of 12 138 square kilometers. It extends from the Hawkesbury River in the north to the other side of Botany Bay in the south and the Blue Mountains in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east.
Sydney is spread over two geographical regions. South and west of the harbor lies the flat to slightly undulating Cumberland Plain. North of the harbor is the Hornsby Plateau, up to 200 meters high hill country, which is crossed by wooded valleys. In the city there are several national parks and over 70 different beaches, including the world famous and very popular with surfers beaches Bondi Beach and Manly Beach .