Sumidero Canyon is a deep narrow canyon located 5 km from Tuxtla Gutierrez , capital of Chiapas , Mexico . This canyon is a cliff whose height goes a little beyond 1 000 m of water level and stands on the banks of the Grijalva River, which has a depth of 250 m . The fault line was opened for about twelve million years in the Sierra Norte de Chiapas. Is among the most spectacular in America, with walls rising more than 1 300 meters from the depth of the throat, where are the waters of the Grijalva River. River that flows through the states of Chiapas and Tabasco and flows into the Gulf of Mexico . At its south entrance, the canyon begins in Chiapa de Corzo , and flows into the artificial reservoir of the hydroelectric dam Manuel Moreno Torres, best known as ” Chicoasén “. The relevance of the canyon is such that the sink is part of the Coat of Chiapas. For its unique beauty and historical importance, the icon of Chiapas is nominated for one of the “New 7 Wonders of Nature” as the only representative of Mexico in this international competition.
The gradients of light and heat on the walls and projections, and the abundant runoff led to several microclimates observed in the vegetation and fauna at different altitudes, while in the deep limestone walls dotted with whimsical red and green highlight ways the bromeliads , 1 000 meters above there are pines and oaks . On the slopes with gentle slopes less enlightened, there ceiba , pitch pine and ramones where it hides the spider monkey and curassow, safe from the crocodiles that lurk. The jaguars and other cats that lived in these places have been displaced by human presence. Not so many varieties of birds that still have plenty of room to keep a distance as hawks , ducks , herons , pelicans and a lucky day, a harpy eagle. Its forest is medium, low, there are oaks and grassland habitat here is the Spider Monkey ( Ateles geoffroyi ), Anteater ( Tamandua mexicana ), the Great Curassow ( Crax rubra ), crocodiles and other species.