Stockholm is the capital of Sweden with 864,000 (municipality in Stockholm), 1.37 million (Tätort Stockholm) and 2.1 million inhabitants (large -Stockholm), the largest city in Scandinavia. It has more than seven centuries of settlement history reaching back. Stockholm since 1643 residence of the king. The city is the seat of the Swedish Parliament and the Swedish government. It is also the cultural center and episcopal seat.
The landscape of Stockholm has in the history of the city due to the Scandinavian country elevation changed dramatically. Parts that are now part of the mainland, were several hundred years ago still islands. A gulf of the Baltic Sea surrounds the city to the east with numerous bays, headlands, and about 24,000 large and small islands (archipelago). This area is archipelago (Skärgården) called.
Stockholm is located at the outflow of Lake Mälaren into the Baltic Sea, which docked. The lake extends 120 miles to the west into the interior. Slussen, a sluice in the middle of Stockholm, separates the fresh water of Lake Mälaren from the salt water of the Baltic Sea lying east. Water makes up about 30 percent of the city. The city draws its drinking water from Lake Mälaren and the high water quality permits in the middle of downtown Salmon fishing. The city is spread over 14 islands connected by 53 bridges are connected. A large part of the city consists of forest regions. In the north-south runs a glacial Kiesmoraene, which had been broken by the discharge. The islands in the stream are the remains of this ridge.
At 31 December 2005 included the City of Stockholm (Tätort) 1.25202 million inhabitants. Of these 770,809 people lived in the town of Stockholm and 481 211 in another ten surrounding municipalities of Stockholm County. To 31 March 2011 increased the population of the Municipality of Stockholm on 851,155. The metropolitan area has 2,063,945 inhabitants (as of 31 March 2011).