Spain (officially Kingdom of Spain, Spanish Reino de España) is a state with a parliamentary monarchy, in the southwest of Europe and is the largest part of the Iberian Peninsula occupies. The capital city is Madrid.
Spain is located, as well as Portugal (west) and the United Kingdom owned Gibraltar (south), on the Iberian Peninsula between 36° and 43.5° north latitude and 9° west and 3 degrees east longitude (excluding Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla). Spain occupies nearly six sevenths of the Iberian Peninsula. In the northeast, along the mountain range of the Pyrenees, Spain borders on France and the small country of Andorra.
Also include in the Mediterranean Sea located Balearics and the Canaries in the Atlantic and located on the North African coast cities of Ceuta and Melilla on the territory. In France Spain owns the exclave Llivia. Spain also includes the front of the Moroccan-lying coastal islands Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Velez de la Gomera, Alhucemas, Isla de Alboran, Isla del Perejil and the Islas Columbretes.
The northernmost point of Spain is the Estaca de Bares in Galicia, on the mainland, the westernmost point of the Cabo Tourinan (also in Galicia), the southernmost of the Punta Marroqui at Tarifa, the easternmost of the Cap de Creus on the Costa Brava. The greatest distance from north to south is 856 km and 1020 km from east to west. The westernmost and the southernmost point of Spain’s total lie on the Canary island of El Hierro, the most easterly of the Balearic island of Menorca. The territory has an average altitude of about 660 meters above sea level on one of the highest in Europe. The spatial structure of the peninsula is basically determined by six major mountain systems.