Southend-on-Sea is a town in the county of Essex in the UK with 162,000 inhabitants (estimate mid 2007). The resort is situated on the northern bank of the Thames – the mouth into the North Sea and is an industrial center, with electrical and pharmaceutical industries as well as cultural center for the region, with theaters, cinemas, museums and galleries. Since 1998, this is Borough of Southend-on-Sea, an independent administrative unit (unitary authority).
The place was 500-850 AD by pagan Saxons as Prittlewell established. Since 1481 the name Southend (will Sowthende) is used. In 1768, Southend-on-Sea was first mentioned as a seaside resort. 1793 erected the Royal Hotel and the terrace. In the 19th Century developed the place into a fashionable seaside resort. The 1889, and several developed pier has a length of 2.16 kilometers, and is therefore the longest Vergnügungspier the world.
It was repeatedly damaged by fire, the pier, so in the years 1959, 1976 and 1992. At the last fire so far on 9 October 2005, destroyed several buildings of the pier, such as a railway station and a pub. In 1856 the village was connected to the railway network in the country. On 15 August 1892 Southend-on-Sea was granted a city charter. The city includes the following districts to: Chalkwell, Eastwood, Leigh-on-Sea, Prittlewell, Shoeburyness, Southchurch, Thorpe Bay, Westcliff-on-Sea.