Somalia is in Africa. Bordering countries are Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya. Somalia is a collapsed state in the far east Africa, the Horn of Africa . It borders the Indian Ocean in the east, the Gulf of Aden to the north, Djibouti and Ethiopia in the west and Kenya in the south. The country’s name derives from the people of Somaliland derived which represents the vast majority of the population and also in neighboring countries is established.
Somalia was created from the merger of the colonial British and Italian Somaliland , the 1960 (” African years “) were jointly independent. Since the fall of the authoritarian government of Siad Barre in 1991, the country is in civil war . The internationally recognized transitional government controls only a small part of the territory. The northern part of the country since 1991 when seek Somaliland after independence, Puntland , Galmudug and Jubaland claim autonomy as part of State of Somalia. Apart from this de facto regime , the country is in the hands of local clans , warlords, radical Islamic groups and pirates.
Somalia is located in the east of the African continent, the Horn of Africa on the Somali peninsula . The northern part of the country is mostly mountainous and the Somali region average of 900 to 2,100 m above sea level, the highest mountain is the Shimbiris (2450 m). To the south stretches a lowland with an average altitude of 180 m. The rivers Jubba and Shabeelle originate in Ethiopia and flows through the south of Somalia and thus by the Somali desert in the Indian Ocean . The coastline is 2720 km long.
Erosion and desertification are environmental problems of Somalia dar. causes are overgrazing and deforestation of the remaining forests, since wood is the main energy source in the country since the outbreak of civil war and large scale charcoal is exported to the countries of the Arabian Peninsula. The mangrove areas between Kismayo and the Kenyan border in the south of the country and the coral reefs in the Gulf of Aden and Kenya are also close by land degradation and damage affected. In the absence of an effective coast guard is off the coast of the country’s illegal nuclear waste – and toxic waste disposal ( dumping ), operated and foreign fleets fishing on the waters of control.
The Somali cuisine varies from region to region, particularly from north to south, and includes influences from the traditional cuisines of the Somalis , Ethiopians , and to a lesser extent the Yemenis , Persians , Turks , Indians and Italians .
For breakfast there is usually tea and pancake-like bread that Canjeero is called. As often lunch, a cooked main meal is cooked rice-based, which frequently with cumin , cardamom , cloves and sage is refined. A modified form of the Italian pasta is also often eaten. As to drink, there are often fruit juices or soft drinks. There is usually a dinner to 21 clock, at the time of Ramadan, even only against 23 clock. The most popular evening dining is called the Somali Cambuulo and consists mainly of cooked adzuki beans , butter and sugar. The cooking time of the beans can be up to five hours. As the beverage is consumed mainly in the evening with cardamom flavored milk. In between, in addition to many fruits and confectionery delicacies like halva particularly special Somalian Samosa served.