The Slovakia (Slovak Slovensko, officially Slovak Republic, Slovak Slovenská republika) is a landlocked country in central Europe, on 1 January 1993 by the division of Czechoslovakia emerged. Since 2004, Slovakia is a member of the European Union and NATO. It is bordered by Austria, Czech Republic, Poland, the Ukraine and Hungary. The most westerly capital city Bratislava is also the largest city in the country.
The country has about 5.43 million inhabitants. The population had a rather stagnant since independence history. With an average age of 35.5 years, Slovakia is among the European countries with a rather young population.
The 2001 census showed the following ethnic composition of Slovakia: In addition 85.8% of Slovaks in Slovakia there is a population of 9.7% Hungarians, 1.7% Roma, 0.8% Czechs, 0.45% Rusyns (Ruthenians), 0.2% Ukrainians, 0.1% Germans and 1.25% others. The actual proportion of the Roma, according to all relevant sources and experts significantly higher. According to statements by local mayors, etc. He is about 8.8%, above the proportion of Hungarians and Slovaks but is then reduced accordingly by a total of 7%.
Slovakia has an extension in east-west direction of 410 kilometers and a north-south direction of 100-190 kilometers. In the north and center, it has the character of a mountainous country, but ranges as far south into the Great and Little Hungarian Plain. The state has an area ratio of almost one third of the entire Carpathian arc, especially in the Western Carpathians.
Slovakia has the following maximum lengths to the neighboring countries. Austria 127 km, Czech Republic 265 km, Poland 597 km, Ukraine 98 km and Hungary 679 km Important Border Rivers are the March (with the Czech Republic and Austria), the Danube (with Austria and Hungary) and the Eipel (with Hungary).