Sharm El-Sheikh is an Egyptian city in the province of South Sinai , with around 12,000 inhabitants. Sharm El-Sheikh is located south of the Sinai highlands on the Red Sea . The city stretches north-south direction along the coastal strip between the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba . The nearest town is the seaside resort of Dahab , the capital of Cairo, about 490 km north-west. The climate is humid and warm due to its location on the sea. The warmest months are May to September by 34 ° C and 35.6 ° C in the winter, temperatures average between 21 and 23 ° C. No significant rain falls only in winter, the water temperature does not fall below 20 ° C throughout the year The main tourist season is in autumn and spring.
Sharm el-Sheikh has become one of the most popular and most expensive seaside resorts developed in Egypt. The city is focused entirely on the tourism economy. Numerous restaurants, markets, clubs, golf clubs, international hotels and fast food outlets have settled in the town. In the suburb of Naama Bay, there are several casinos. The relative movement and the legalization of gambling in Egypt lead to heavy criticism in conservative circles and calling for respect for the Islamic-Arabic tradition. Sharm el-Sheikh has the largest and most important diving spots in the Gulf of Aqaba. Among the numerous coral reefs, divers can be estimated. Sharm el-Sheikh is popular not least because of good quality water and warm temperatures. To protect the fragile ecosystem in the Red Sea, was at Ras Mohammed established a national park that can be entered only with official approval.
On 1 December 2010 were four people, three Russians and a Ukrainian citizen, by a shark attacked and injured. Five days later, an elderly German tourist was killed in the Gulf of Aqaba by a shark. The shark had the 71-year-old pensioner, an arm and a leg bitten off, and she bled to death. Later, two sharks were caught, but it is thought that it was not the attacker acted. A year previously killed a French tourist in the Red Sea by a shark.