The Serra da Capivara is a National Park in southeastern Brazilian state of Piauí . It is situated on the slopes of the Serra do Congo , where it promotes the level Chapada da Capivara fall and includes about 100,000 hectares, he was set up in 1979 to protect the petroglyphs that are found there in large numbers. The park was created in 1991 by the UNESCO for World Heritage site declared. Senior archaeologist is niede Guidon.
The paintings were discovered in the 1960s in the rock-cut shelters. Using chipped rock debris from the Pedra Furada -shelter believed to be able to prove that there has been approximately 24000-28000 years drawings are created. The oldest preserved and still recognizable drawings are reportedly about 14,000 years old. These are the oldest examples of rock paintings in South America. These datings are controversial because they are not with established theories of colonization of the Americas are compatible.
The majority of the illustrations come from the period 10000-4000 BC, and can the cultures of Nordeste and Agreste be assigned. The drawings of the Nordeste are people, animals, plants and geometric forms can be gained from them dar. a picture of their company, providing a set of rituals: dancing, sexuality, rituals around a tree and hunt. The paintings in the Agreste, which can be found throughout South America are mainly people dar.