Serra da Canastra National Park is a mountain located in south-central state of Minas Gerais, near the towns of Delfinópolis, Sacramento and San Roque de Minas. It is about 310 km away from the capital of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte and about 350 km from Sao Paulo. The National Park of Serra da Canastra is one of the most important national parks in Brazil, created in 1972 through Decree 70355 of 1972.
The Serra da Canastra is shaped like a chest, hence the name, it is a basket type of antique trunk. The Casca d’Anta waterfall with about 186 meters high is one of the main attractions of the park, leaving a cut natural Serra approximately 144 meters, ie the height of the Sierra reaches 330 meters. The São Francisco River rises 14 kilometers before the fall of this page.
The Park protects a landscape of rare beauty, its vegetation transition between the “edge of the Atlantic” and “beginning of the Savannah”, predominantly Altitude Fields that are home to several species of wild fauna and flora of the cerrado, as the maned wolf , the giant anteater , the pampas deer , several hawks and endangered species such as duck loon and the giant armadillo.
Water is the major factor in the park, whose springs, which number in the hundreds, arise because of the moisture that the rock absorbs cold air, especially during the night. The São Francisco River has its source in the Serra da Canastra historical, more precisely in the municipality of São Roque de Minas and his first big waterfall, the Casca d’Anta, with 186 meters high, is in the district of São José do Barreiro (MG ), whose access is made by decree of the fourth National Park, located in this district.