The National Park of Serra da Bocaina located on the border between the states of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo in southeastern Brazil. Created by Federal Decree in 1971, covers an area of approximately 134 000 hectares and a significant biodiversity. The park headquarters is located in the city of Sao Jose do Barreiro , the State of São Paulo. It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio). It is estimated that 60% of the vegetation is composed of native area (rainforest), and the remainder is regenerated bush (secondary) for over 30 years. Among the flora species stand out the pines, cedars, trumpet trees, palmettos and bromeliads.
Among the fauna of the park include the jaguar, sloth-toed, marmoset-the-dark mountains, and numerous bird species. Its highest point is Pico Take the hat, which reaches 2,088 meters above sea level, one of the highest points of the State of Sao Paulo. The park offers a wide range of attractions tourist natural, such as San Isidro Waterfall, the Waterfall of Possessions and more inside the park, Waterfall Deer. The park entrance also marks the beginning of the final stretch of the Gold Trail , which stretches approximately 73 kilometers, and ending on the beach Mambucaba in Angra dos Reis.