Serbia is a landlocked country in southeastern Europe, the official name is Republic of Serbia (Република Србија / Republika Srbija). Serbia is located in the center of the Balkan Peninsula and is bordered to the north by Hungary, on the east by Romania and Bulgaria, on the south by Macedonia, Albania and the international law disputed Kosovo, in the southwest of Montenegro and the west by Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.
Serbia’s recent history is marked by his role as the largest part of the state of Yugoslavia. It is after the final collapse of Yugoslavia and the sole legal successor of the 1992 established the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (from 2003 State Union of Serbia and Montenegro).
Serbia is a member of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) and the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA), with additional free trade agreements. The economic performance of the country was a result of the wars in Yugoslavia fell sharply, but recovered in the years 2003 to 2008 something. After the short term major successes were achieved in the framework of the EU accession process (so including the entry into force of the Interim Agreement on trade facilitation with the European Union and the abolition of visa requirements for Serbian citizens), Serbia officially filed on 22 December 2009 his candidacy for membership in the European Union one.
With an average age of 40.7 years, the Serbian population is among the oldest in the world – about 17.4 percent of the population older than 65 years. The birth rate is 1.78. The average life expectancy for men is 71 and in women 76 years.