The Salar de Uyuni is the largest salt desert in the world and one of the tourist attractions of Bolivia located in the department of Potosí. In the center we find a set of islets, the most important of all is the island’s fish, which is characterized by enormous cactus and home to some services. Excursions can be arranged from Uyuni and the possibility of going from Atacama in Chile through the mountains of the Andes.
The amount of salt of the Salar de Uyuni is estimated to be about ten billion tons. Annually of which approximately 25,000 tonnes mined and transported to the cities. In addition, the lake is considered one of the world’s largest lithium reserves. The lake is almost free from any kind of animal. He is a breeding ground of some occurring only in South America flamingo species. During the rainy season, the salt crust can be covered locally with several tens of centimeters of water, approximately from late June until the beginning of the rainy season in early December, the Salar dry. With the exception of the muddy shore and water of individual eyes (ojos) can be up to 30 meters thick salt crust itself of buses and trucks to navigate.
During the Pacific, was the nearby town of Uyuni a garrison town, today it is the starting point for excursions into the surroundings. In the lake, about 80 kilometers from Uyuni, is the island Incahuasi (Quechua for the house of the Inca), which is known for its many up about 20 meters high and in some cases more than 1,200 years old columnar cacti. In the dry season they can be reached via Colchani by bicycle, with up to 20 centimeters of water coverage and by jeep. Another island, the Isla del Pescado .