The Sagarmatha National Park is a National Park in Nepal , in 1976 under the name of Sagarmatha National Park was founded and since 1979 a UNESCO world heritage belongs. It takes an area of 1,148 sq km a large part of the Khumbu , and bounded on the north by the Tibet Autonomous Region . Name to the National Park is the Mount Everest.
The landscape of jagged peaks – including three of eight thousand meter Mount Everest , Lhotse and Cho Oyu – glaciers and valleys that were formed by glaciers and streams. In addition to the impressive rock formations were some rare animal species and cultural sites of its population of Sherpas reason for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the eastern borders of 2330 km ² Makalu-Barun National Park directly to the Sagarmatha National Park.
The National Park is located in the eastern zone of the Himalayas , where the monsoon rains begin in June and declines until late September. During the months of October and November the weather is temperate, with cool nights. From December to February is too cold during the day, with temperatures typically below 5 ° Celsius. During these months it from snowing and too violent. As of March, the days are getting warmer.
The altitudes of the reserve ranges from 2845 m to the highest point on earth at 8,848 m. The park consists of approximately 69% of non-arable highland over 6,000 m altitude, 28% are used as pastures and used for growing potatoes and only 3% is forested. These forests are located in the valley of the national park and are in the deepest layers mainly of hemlock . In the layers above outweigh fir , juniper , birch and rhododendron . Further up the soft woods typical alpine plant communities. Above 5000 m, the country is bare and is made of rock, snow and ice.
The national park is a habitat for snow leopards , wolves, bears little panda , musk deer ( Moschus chrysogaster ), Himalayan Tahre ( Hemitragus jemlahicus ), Goral, Seraue, ferrous marten , Himalayan marmots and pikas ( Ochotonidae ). In the deeper layers are also rhesus monkeys , black bears , Hulman and Muntjakhirsche ago . The snow leopard was exterminated in the Nepalese portion of Everest complex in the 1960s, but the area was re-colonize from Tibet and is now before the National Park. This is mainly due to the increased stock of Tahren and musk deer. Overall, the acceptance by the local Sherpa who live mainly from livestock but also from increased tourism to be relatively high. The wolf , who is feared by shepherds, because he even fully grown yak can tear, is extinct since the 1980s and is still missing in national park area. This suggests that these predators now on the Tibetan side is rare. leopards could inhabit the deeper layers were not detected in a recent study in the National Park. But come red foxes and jackals gold erwiesenrmaßen ago.
Ornithologists have identified more than 118 bird species, including the Himalayan monal ( Lophophorus impejanus ), Himalayan grouse ( Tetraogallus himalayensis ) and blood pheasant ( Ithaginis cruentus ). The small lakes at higher elevations are important staging areas for migratory birds , particularly waterfowl .