Rwanda – is located in Central Africa. Officially the Republic of Rwanda (Kinyarwanda: REPUBULIKA y’u Rwanda, French: Republic of Rwanda), is a country in Central and East Africa with a population of about € 11.4 million (2011). Rwanda is a few degrees south of the equator and is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. All Rwanda’s high altitude, with a geography of mountains in the west, the savannah dominated in the east and many lakes across the country. The climate is temperate with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons per year.
The population is young and predominantly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa. Rwandan form three groups: Hutu, Tutsi and TWA. The Twa are a pygmy people from the original inhabitants of Rwanda descended, but researchers disagree on the origins and the differences between Hutu and Tutsi, some believe they are derived from the former social castes, while others regard them as races or tribes. Christianity is the largest religion in the country, and the main language is Kinyarwanda, spoken by most Rwandans. Rwanda has a presidential system of government. President Paul Kagame, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). Rwanda has a low level of corruption, say in comparison with neighboring countries, but human rights organizations, human rights groups, the suppression of opposition, intimidation and restrictions on freedom of expression.
Hunters and gatherers in the area of the Stone Age and Iron populated, followed later by Bantu settlers. Population merged, first into clans, then the kingdom. The Kingdom of Rwanda, dominated by the middle of the eighteenth century, conquered by other Tutsi kings militarily, the centralization of power, and later anti-Hutu political.
Germany colonized Rwanda in 1884, followed by Belgium, which ruled in 1916 during the Second World War, European nations by kings and perpetuated the political pro-Tutsi invasion. Hutu population in 1959, revolted, killed many Tutsis and finally an independent state dominated by Hutus in 1962. The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front launched a civil war in 1990, by the 1994 genocide in which Hutu extremists killed an estimated 500,000 and was followed by one million Tutsis and moderate Hutus. The RPF ended the genocide by military victory.
Rwanda’s economy has suffered greatly during the genocide in Rwanda in 1994, but has been strengthened. The economy is based mainly on the basis of subsistence. Coffee and tea are major cash crops for export. Tourism is a booming sector and is now leading the country foreign exchange earner, is the most popular activity, to monitor the mountain gorillas. Music and dance are an integral part of Rwandan culture, especially the drumming and dancing Intore very choreographed. Traditional arts and crafts are all over the country, including Imigongo, produces a unique art of cow manure.
Rwanda can be divided into three regions best:
The North West
Capital of Kigali , Butare,
on Lake Kivu: Cyangugu, Kibuye and Gisenyi
at the foot of the volcanoes: Ruhengeri
to the east of the country: Kibungo
Park of the Volcanoes of the mountain gorillas,
Akagera National Park as a savanna landscape for safari
Forêt de Nyungwe as the Cloud Forest,
of Lake Kivu
National Museum of Butare
Royal Palace in Nyanza,
hot spring of Bugarama,
Rusumo Falls on the border with Tanzania
Getting there & Getting around the country
All international flights land at the Aeroport Gregoire Kayi banda (KGL) in the capital Kigali. Direct flights from Germany there are currently none. Direct flights to Brussels and Amsterdam , there are several times a week, otherwise stopovers in Addis Ababa and Nairobi .
Rwanda has no railway system.
There are well developed (mini) bus service between all major cities of Rwanda. The buses may also be only as many passengers are sitting, as there are seats. Typical of Africa, the buses have no fixed timetable. Departure, if the bus is full.
One can travel through the country with car rental. The road network is also fairly well developed. It is only recommended not to drive at night, car, since it is too large because of poor visibility, the risk of accidents.
On the Lake Kivu between Cyangugu operate ships, Kibuye and Gisenyi. I had my say, however, that this drive not work very well (in terms of the appointment!).
The most widely spoken language is Kinyarwanda, the native language of virtually all Rwandans. About 90% of the rural population speak only that language. Besides French and English are the other official languages. French also speak some people in the country. English-speaking Rwandans contrast, we find only in Kigali.
Traditional craft goods, straw and pottery are typical products and therefore see favorable. Used electronic items are very cheap. Traditional textiles are found especially in the Muslim district. They are also very favorable. Especially the service sector in the cities are recommended. For example, hairdressers are good and cheap. Times should an electrical device is defective, can be found on every street corner, a small store where the equipment is repaired.
The currency is the Rwanda franc. Correspond to approximately 0.12 € 100 RWF. (As of 07/25/2011) Since the RWF has a fluctuating course, is the U.S. dollar is the welcome second currency.
Ecobank in Kigali has ATMs (ATM) to take off with Visa cards. Furthermore, be accepted only in the capital Kigali and in the big hotels Visa cards. The cashing of traveler’s checks can be problematic.
The kitchen consists of the Rwandan locally grown ingredients. These include bananas, beans, corn. Flesh eating of Rwandans very rare, since most of these animals to breed for their livelihood and do not have larger herds. In the tourist restaurants but you get a wide selection of tasty beef, pork and poultry dishes. In the restaurants of the places around the Lake Kivu should not be missed by no means a fish dish.
Kigali, Butare, Gisenyi and are the only cities with a significant nightlife. Both in Kigali and in Gisenyi, there are night clubs. A curfew is not it.
In Rwanda, there are many hotels, inns or similar. Many churches also have overnight accommodations.
In large cities such as Kigali and Kibuye find modern hotels like the Intercontinental Group or the Mille Collines.
Around the national park there are numerous hotels, lodges and guest houses. Some now also with camping facilities. More are in development.