Reunion is a French island located with a population of about 800,000 in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar, about 200 kilometers (120 miles) southwest of Mauritius, the nearest island.
Reunion is one of the overseas department of France. Like the other overseas departments, Réunion is also one of the 27 French regions (as an overseas region) and an integral part of the Republic with the same status as the European in the continent. Réunion is an outermost region of the European Union and in an overseas department of France, is part of the euro zone.
Before the arrival of the Portuguese in the sixteenth century, there is little written history of the meeting. Arab traders were familiar with him by the name Dina Morgabin. The island may have on a map of 1153 AD, Al-Sharif al-Idrisi. The island may have been visited by sailors or Swahili Malay.
The first European discovery of the region was made around 1507 by Portuguese sailors, but details are unclear. The uninhabited island was perhaps his first glimpse of the expedition, led by Don Pedro Mascarenhas, who gave his name to the archipelago to the island of Reunion, was even named Santa Apolonia Mascarenes. Santa Apolonia Mascarenes is a popular saint, suggesting that the Date of Portuguese discovery of February 09 would have on his birthday. Diego Lopes de Sequeira States landed on the island in 1509.
About a century later, in nominal terms, the Portuguese had left Santa Apolonia virtually intact. The island was occupied by France and administered from Port Louis, Mauritius. Although the first French claims date from 1638, when François Cauche and Goubert Solomon visited in June 1638, the island was officially opened by Jacques Pronis from France in 1642, claimed that rebels abducted as dozens of French on the island of Madagascar. The convicts were later to France for several years, returned in 1649, the island was called The Bourbon monarchy. Colonization began in 1665 when the French East India Company sent the first 20 settlers.
“Reunion” was the name for the island in 1793, recalled by a decree of the Convention in the Fall of the House of Bourbon in France, and the name of the union of revolutionaries from Marseille with the National Guard of Paris, which took place the 10th August 1792. In 1801 the island “Iceland Bonaparte,” was named after Napoleon Bonaparte. The island was led by a squadron of the Royal Navy Commodore Josias Rowley in 1810, which penetrated the old name “Bourbon” is used. When restored to France by the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the island retains the name “Bourbon” until the fall of the Bourbons during the French Revolution of 1848, when the island was once again the name of “Reunion” restored.
Officially, Réunion Island is divided into 4 districts. It is an overseas department of French and French region. The small number of communities (compared to French metropolitan departments of similar size and population) is unique include the communities most Réunionnaises several localities, sometimes separated by great distances from each other. Reunion is part of the Indian Ocean Commission.