Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the President of India , located in the capital, New Delhi . Until 1950 it was known as “Viceroy’s House” and served as the residence of Governor General of India. In 1911 it was decided to move the capital from Calcutta to Delhi . While the design of the new city took shape, the house of the governor-general received a predominant position. The architect British Edwin Lutyens , chief architect of the new city planning, was commissioned to design the building.
He decided on a classic design, with colors and details inspired by local architecture. Lutyens was proud of his work to know that the new building be named the “Governor’s House”, name given to most of the residences of the governors, but “Viceroy’s House.” The building was completed in 1929 and was officially opened in 1931 , while the other works in the city of New Delhi. After independence of India in 1947 , the interim governor continued to reside in the building until 1950 in which he was succeeded by the President to proclaim the Republic of India. The residence was renamed Rashtrapati Bhavan .
The building entrance is through a garden reminiscent of the Mughal gardens in the region of Kashmir . The front columns show the drawing of various bells. The architect Edwin Lutyens argued that if the bells did not ring, the British Empire never end. The architecture of the palace is a blend between style European and Indian, showing a clear syncretism of elements of the Mughal Empire , and art Buddhist and Hindu . It has a total of 340 rooms, covering an area of 19,000 m². In its construction were used more than 700 million bricks and 85,000 cubic meters of stone. Was used very little steel .