Rangoon is a city in Myanmar and the capital of the prefecture of Yangon Division . With around 4.4 million inhabitants in the city proper and 5,990,318 inhabitants in the agglomeration (as of 1 January 2005) Rangoon is the largest city and industrial center of the country. By 2005, Rangoon was the capital of Myanmar, the seat of government was to Naypyidaw laid.
Yangon is located south of the country on the eastern edge of the Irrawaddydeltas near the Gulf of Martaban, an arm of the Andaman Sea , an average of 15 meters above sea level . In the town include the National Museum of Art and Archaeology, the National Library and the World Peace Pagoda , in 1952 in honor of the 2500th Death of Buddha was built.
The most remarkable monument of the city is the great Shwedagon Pagoda, an ancient Buddhist shrine, the 98 meters high and is covered with gold leaf. The oldest parts of the pagoda are, according to tradition, from the 5th Century BC Since 1564, the pagoda was damaged by eight earthquakes over again. During an earthquake in 1786 crashed the entire upper part. The present height and shape are due to the subsequent renovations. Finally, a fire caused heavy damage in 1931. The more than 40 meters high Sule Pagoda, also Kyaik Athok means should exist since 253 BC, when the monks Sona and Uttara including ten hairs of Buddha from the third Buddhist Council brought.