Providencia is a Colombian island in the Caribbean Sea. It is the second largest in the archipelago and province of San Andres and Providencia, and lies about 90 km north of the island of San Andres. Providencia is 7 km long and 4 km wide and has an area of 17 square kilometers. Lately, the number of tourists on the island increased significantly since their reputation as a diver and snorkeling paradise, becoming more widespread.
Mangroves are trees of different species that have adapted to living in coastal areas with marine influence and play an important role as breeding sites for many species of fish, crustaceans and molluscs. In Providence abundant red mangrove (Rhizophora brevistyla), white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa) and neotropical mangrove (Pelliciera rhizophoreae). In Providence the dominant vegetation is tropical dry forest, abounding Cock-spur (Acacia cornigera collinsii and acacia), the squat (Byrsonima crassifolia), the resbalamano (Bursera simaruba) and olive (Capparis), in addition to some mango trees. Also encuetran various palms, including the pacta (Coccothrinax jamaicensis), endemic to the area. In the keys predominate coconut palms, ficus trees and bushes icaco, which serve as nests for birds frigate. Marine vegetation around the keys is varied, and has three species of algae and two seagrasses.
Because of the insular and oceanic, terrestrial wildlife is limited and has a high degree of endemism. We found one species of frog (Leptodactylus insularis) and a tortoise (Geochelone carbonaria). They also reported 2 species of snakes (Boa constrictor imperator and Leptotyphlops magnamaculata) , 6 lizards, 10 birds, 4 turtles and a few mammals.
Radical changes throughout pre-Columbian history: Studies of the Institute of Human Genetics at the Universidad Javeriana, 1 the following is the census according to the National Bureau of Statistics , DANE (Cabrera, 1980, DANE 1993): the average age is 30, in a total population of 3,836 pesonas throughout the municipality. The predominant race is the Afro-Caribbean.